African American History

2nd Grade Social Studies

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Activator

Ask students questions such as:

  • Look at this statute. What can you tell me about it?
  • Where do you think this statue is located?
  • What is this person doing?
  • What is she carrying?
  • Look at her face, waht emotions does she show?
  • Who do you think this person may be?

Essential Question

What was the Underground Railroad? Who used it? Why was it needed? Where was the Underground Railroad?

Aunt Harriets Underground Railroad in the Sky by Faith Ringgold

Read through story. Have students use stickynotes to write down their thoughts as the teacher reads through the story. At the end of the story engage in a class discussion about the students thoughts, if needed ask the following additional questoins about the story.

Questions:

  • Who was Aunt Harriet?
  • What was the underground railroad?
  • Why does the author put the words "in the sky" in the title/
  • How would you feel if you were an African American trying to escape slavery?

Cause and Effect-Reading Strategy

After reading the story, Harriets Underground Railroad in the Sky, have students create a cause and effect chart about Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad. Use Harriet Tubman and the Undergroung Railroad as the cause column and then have students write effects in another column.
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Harriet Tubman

Guided Practice

Students will create a K-W-L Chart. In the K column students will write what they already know about Harriet Tubman. In the W column students will write what they want to know about Harriet Tubman. For the W column students will be split up into groups. They will be given resources such as the Internet, encyclopedias, and print resources to research information. Once students have found their research they will put the information in the L column, which stands for what the students have learned through their research.


Here are links to online resources:


http://www.harriettubmanbiography.com/

http://gardenofpraise.com/ibdtub.htm

http://www.math.buffalo.edu/~sww/0history/hwny-tubman.html

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/bonus-video/lincolns-berlin/


Technology

Have students play this Interactive game about being on the Underground Railroad.


http://education.nationalgeographic.com/education/multimedia/interactive/the-underground-railroad/?ar_a=1

Summarizer

To asses the students knowledge learned during this lesson, I will have them each write a Summary Sentence. This will be one sentence that summarizes what they have learned.

Standards Speaking and Listening

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL 2.1 Participate in a collaborative conversation with diverse partners aboud second grade topics and texts with peers and adults in small and large groups.


CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL 2.2 Recount or decribe key ideas or details from a text read aloud or information presented orally or through other media.

Standards Social Studies

2.H.1 Understand how various sources provide information about the past.

2.H.1.1 Use timelines to show sequencing of events

2.H.1.2 Identify contibutions of historical figures (community, state,nation, and world) through various genres.


By: Brooke Maloy