Skylar Smith

biome description


There are two different kinds of rainforests. one is the tropical, the tropical rainforest is located located near the equator and the biggest tropical rainforest are located in South America, Africa, and Southeast Asia. The other kind of rainforest is the temperate rainforest, the temperate rainforest are found along the coasts of temperate regions. Tempo rate rainforests are located on the Pacific Ocean, North America, stretching from Alaska to Oregon.


The tropical rainforest is very lush and warm all year,the temperature is about 80

degrees fahrenheit . the environment is pretty wet and the humidity ranges from about 77% to 88%. The temperate rainforests are wet but not as wet as tropical rainforests, they also have long wet winters and short drier summers. Temperate rain forests are also a lot cooler than the tropical rain forests

Abiotic factors


The amount of rain in the rainforest is important to the rest of the weather pattern because it evaporates from the rainforest and moves and rains somewhere else but about half of the precipitation stay there. in a rainforest it is very humid because of all the rain the rainforest gets around 250cm of rain per year. The tall trees in the rainforest act as a canpoy and blocks some rain and water from ever getting to the under story.


The rainforest stays hot but it never really goes higher than 93 degrees farenhite or below 68 decrees farenhite. The humidity of he rainforest is averagely between 77 and 88%. There is not a Winter in the rainforest.


The yearly rainfall in a tropical rainforest ranges from 80-400 inches. It can downpour up to two inches in one hour. It a temperate rainforest the rainfall is about 60-200 inches per year.

Land forms


A mountain is a topographical feature that rises above surrounding areas and has an altitude higher than a hill. South America, Asia, Australia, Africa and Pacific Islands are the regions where mountains in tropical rainforests can be found. Out of the total mountain cover of the world, 22% is found in South America. Barisan mountains in tropical rainforests of Sumatra Island, Indonesia also are the important ones.


The soil of wetlands is saturated with water. The different types of wetland regions are marshes, swamps, bogs, etc. The wetlands are saturated with water because their water table is just near the ground surface. Shallow pools of water are found in wetland regions. The activity of studying wetlands is referred to as paludology. Brazil, Chile, Bolivia and Paraguay are the regions in South America where wetlands are commonly found. Largest of all wetlands, the Pantanal is located in Brazil.

Biotic factors


The tropical rainforest is home to half the animals on earth. Animals in the tropical rainforest are specially adapted to live in this environment. Insects make up the largest single group of animals in the tropical rainforest. They include bright beautiful butterflies, masque toes, and camouflage stick animals.


More than two thirds of the world's plant species are found in the tropical rainforests: plants that provide shelter and food for rainforest animals as well as taking part in the gas exchanges which provide much of the world's oxygen supply.The aerial plants often gather nourishment from the air itself using so-called 'air roots';. The humidity of the rainforest encourages such adaptations which would be impossible in most temperate forests with their much drier conditions.

ecological concerns or issues


A widespread drought in the Amazon rainforest last year caused the "lungs of the world" to produce more carbon dioxide than they absorbed, potentially leading to a dangerous acceleration of global warming. Scientists have calculated that the 2010 drought was more intense than the "one-in-100-year" drought of 2005.


The greatest cause of tropical rainforest destruction today comes from human activities, which, unlike natural damage, are unrelenting and thorough. Although most of this deforestation is driven by national and international economic forces, a significant proportion serves no long-term purpose; it results from subsistence activities on a local level. Many of the effects from human-induced destruction of the rainforests are probably irreversible within our time.

Rainforest: Beneath the Canopy Part 01
this is part one to the video
Rainforest: Beneath the Canopy Part 02
this is part two of the video