Investigation of copyright laws for technology use
What is Copyright?
Copyright Covers 5 Key Rights:
- Reproduction - the right to create identical / similar copies of the work
- Adaptation - the right to create derivatives of the original work
- Distribution - the right to make the first sale of each copy of the work
- Performance - the right to publicly recite, play, dance or act the work
- Display - the right to publicly show the work (Zaharoff, 2014, para. 3)
Songs, podcasts, music...
Photos, clipart, drawings, sculptures...
Research, writing, poetry...
Copies may be made only from legally acquired originals and must contain copyright information. “Consumables,” such as workbooks, may not be copied. Archiving rights are designed to allow libraries to share with other libraries one-of-a-kind and out-of-print books (Davidson, n.d.).
Copyright Materials for Online Educational Study
What does this mean for instructors who are making available various materials (audio and video clips, online articles, etc.) online for educational study?
Factors of Fair Use- If using copyrighted material in teaching, four factors will determine whether or not use of that material qualifies as "fair use" (University of Oregon, 2014, Fair Use). Note that ALL FOUR of these factors must be evaluated for fair use to apply:
1. Nature of the Use
2. Nature of the Copyrighted Work
3. The Quantity of the Work Used
4. The Potential Impact on the Copyright holder's Market
University of Oregon. (2014). Teaching effectiveness program. Retrieved from http://tep.uoregon.edu/technology/onlinelearning/fairuse.html
U.S. copyright office. (2014). Retrieved from http://www.copyright.gov/
Zaharoff, H. (2014). Morse Barnes-Brown Pendleton. Retrieved from http://www.mbbp.com/resources/iptech/know_copyrights.html