Causes of the American Revolution
Julie Lacey 10/15/15
The American Revolution - A Summary
The American Revolution is when the Colonies broke free from British rule and formed the country we live in today. Some causes were that the Colonists felt that their rights were being ignored. The First Great Awakening and the Enlightenment also contributed to the American Revolution. Some economic policies that were upsetting to the colonists were excessive taxation, oppressive trading policies, and monopolies that the British set up. I do beleive the colonies' anger was justified, and because of our independence and new government setup, we changed the world.
The Navigation Acts were imposing mercantilism upon the colonies. They imposed 2 rules when trading from 1650. These rules were that they could only trade raw materials to England and that they could only buy manufactured goods from England this ended up giving England more money from trade. The Sugar Act was also implemented,which placed taxes on common items.
Proclamation of 1763
After the French and Indian War, the Proclamation of 1763 was created to prevent costly wars with Indians. This new law prohibited colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains. The colonists were very angry as they had fought and died to claim the land, and now they were not able to use it. This was the first spark of rebellion among the colonies.
The Stamp Act, 1765
The Stamp Act was created to help pay off debts and give England more money. The Stamp Act taxed all paper products, this angered the colonies as they had had no say in the matter. They boycotted and protested until the act was repealed. The Sons of Liberty were also created during this time.
The Quartering Act 1765
Following the Stamp Act protests, Britian sent many more soldiers to the colonies. The Quartering Act required colonists to house soldiers and it gave they soldiers blank search warrants. Two major issues the colonists had with the Quartering Act were the blank search warrants and it was costly to house the soldiers.
Townshend Acts 1767
The Townshend Acts taxed common items like tea, glass, cloth, and paper. The colonists responded with boycotts and the Daughters of Liberty made their own products. In 1770, Parliament repealed the acts, but they continued to tax tea to show the colonists who was boss. The Sons of Liberty continued in their acts of violence.
On, March 5,1770, a soldier and a colonist were arguing, and a mob of people gathered and hurled insults and snowballs. More troops arrived, shots were fired, 5 people were killed. The first being Crispus Attucks. The incident was used as propaganda by Samuel Adams and John Adams used it to demonstrate his belief in everyone getting a fair trial.
Tea Act & The Boston Tea Party
The Tea Act was passed in 1773 and it made the British East India Company the only tea provider the colonies were allowed to buy from. The colonists were unhappy as they still had to pay import taxes. On December 6, 1773 the Sons of Liberty retaliated with the Boston Tea Party as a protest. They dressed up as Indians and ruined around a million dollars of tea (by modern standards).
Coercive Acts -1774
Commonly known as the Intolerable Acts, due to their brutality. They were passed in retaliation to the Boston Tea Party. All trade between Boston and Britain was ceased, town meetings were outlawed, Britain dispelled colonial governments, and the Quartering Act was strengthened. The other colonies responded by giving Boston support, and their resentment was fueled even more.