Write Right

using the right ingredients for your writing:

Short Story Ingredients:

Setting, Exposition, Rising Action, Climax/ Turning Point, Falling Action, Resolution

You also will need: Conflict, Characterization (indirect/ direct), and maybe dialogue.

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Direct/ Indirect Characterization:

STEAL = Speech, Thoughts, Effect on others, Actions, Looks

Authors can directly tell their audiences about their characters. They can come right out and tell you that the character is a shy nerd with lopsided glasses and hates his parents because of their poverty.


They can indirectly tell you. Authors can let you come up with the conclusion that a character is shy or creative or defensive based upon that character’s actions, thoughts, speech, effect on others, actions, and looks.

Elements that taste good (when used correctly):

SIFT= Symbols, Imagery, Figurative Language, Tone/ Theme:

›Symbol: Stands for itself, but also has a deeper meaning.

›Example: The American flag is a visual representation for our country, however for many it is visual symbol for freedom, liberty, and many rights we hold as Americans.

Imagery: How does the author paint a picture as you read? What words is she using?

›Figurative Language:

›Simile, metaphor, personification, hyperbole, etc.



›Tone- the author’s attitude towards a subject.

›Theme- the author’s message about life.

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Flocabulary - Figurative Language

Leading Into your Short Story:

Types of Leads:

  1. Big Potato Lead= ›Jump into the middle of your story and give reader a taste of your action
  2. Snapshot lead= ›Create a picture in the reader’s mind; use 5 senses
  3. Talking lead= ›Begin with a line or two of dialogue
  4. Thinking lead= ›Begin with a thought inside a character’s mind.
  5. Surpirse Lead= ›Set up expectations, then surprise the reader
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