The Civil Rights- Movement

By Kyle Nettifee

The Civil Rights Movement-"I,Too,Am American"

The civil rights movement is a huge step to equality in the united states. There was so many events that had helped form the civil rights movement into what will have changes history forever. With blacks for all the states, wanting to be equal, they tried to non-violently fight for equality in the states.

Tatics, and strategies from the fight for equality, and peace

Boycott, and Economical withdraw was a huge part in fight to gain equality. In Montgomery, one day Rosa parks had refused to give up her seat for a white man, she was arrested. This was a huge start to something that would blow up. At its peak 50,000 African Americans quit riding the city buses in Montgomery. They went with out and found other ways to get where they needed by, walking, hitchhiking, or carpooling. This really hurt the bus system economy considering before the Boycott, two thirds of the bus economy came from the two thirds African American riders. This is civil disobedience because they hadn't done anything that was harmful to anyone, but the whites were angry and would beat them, and hated them for this.

Voter registration was another Big strategies that was used to earn equality. Groups and organizations were started all over the states to try and get African Americans to be able to vote. At the same time they were pushing to try anti segregated schools, so that blacks and whites could go to school, churches, restaurant, and so on together. This was really rough, because many whites such as Governor Orval E. Faubus, used everything in their power to try and not allow it to happen. in the little rock nine instance, they were supposed to try to go to the high school that was all whites, but the Governor called in the national guard to keep them out. The united states court and president told him to allow them to attend, soon the military came in to escort the students to school, and class. The students got beat, harassed, and bullied severely, But it was the beginning of everyone realizing that we need to move on with anti segregation.

Civil disobedience was a really commonly used tactic to gain civil rights. People would protest but do so without violence. A famous instance of it is the Freedom Rides, this was when the supreme court decided that interstate buses should be unsegregated. Balcks and whites that rode for the cause together, were riding it, and at first their was very little hostility through the first few states. But in the second and coming weeks, the hostility grew to extreme aggression. Buses were burned, people were beat and harassed. They started in burningham and going to Montgomery. When they arrived, thousands of white people were there and rioted, and beat them. With this happeneing and it in the news, it had put pressure on Kennedy to end the violence, so in a way it was a successful tactic.

Unsung Hero's

Lonnie King, Jr. joined the civil rights movement as a student at Atlanta’s College. While there, King survived a serious attack after acid was thrown in his face, The schools there, and people hated that segregation was ending. But later on He pursued to fight for civil rights, and later became the president of the Atlanta NAACP.

Another unsung hero that i found is, Bayard Rustin. He Was different cause he was fighting to end segregation, but he was a gay, and trying to put acceptance in the world for gays. He was a participant in the Washington march, and there he gave a speech to all the people there. 6 Years after the march, new York Times did an article on him, and they stated, “came on the intellectual and political scene as the most articulate strategist of the drive for Negro equality.” He was kind of alienated from the black activism. Rustin was a committed liberal integrations in a time rising black radicalism and nationalism. Younger people fighting for the same cause tended to see him as an Uncle Tom figure. He said this, "Human rights activism is never about solidarity with a own group but about freedom, justice and dignity for all," Which I find really strong and powerful.

Importants Groups Of The Civil Rights Movement

National Association Of The Advancement Of Colored People (NAACP)
Started in 1909 by group of white people that believed in equality. It was created to try and integrate society, and shoot for equality in the U.S. A few members that were like leaders were: State Stallworth, and Charles Hamilton Houston. The members in the groups tried to stay anonymous, so they wouldn't loss their job, or get harasses by anti-integrate society. Their goal was the same as most of the similar groups, but they just used different tactics. Mississippi banned the organization from operating within its borders. After the ban, members continued with their work, in result some of them got fired, and harassed, and even killed. Their work was a step into equality.

Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)
It was started on the campus of Shaw University in Raleigh, North Carolina, on April 15, 1960. It was composed of students that would do sit ins, and peaceful protest throughout the south. some of the people that were the main people in the group were: Stokely Carmichael, Ruby Doris, and Smith Robinson. Was very successful at the time against segregation, and discrimination in the U.S. In result to their success, they helped thousands of people vote.