William L. Garrison
William L. Garrison was born on December 10th, 1805 in the City of Newburyport Massachusetts. William was born to a merchant sailor father, Abijah Garrison, and a devout Baptist mother, Frances Maria Lloyd. His father deserted him and his mother when he was a young boy. Him and his mother were poor due to the Embargo Act of 1807 and had to scrounge for food from the richer families. As a young boy, William L. Garrison had to go to work by selling homemade molasses candy and delivering wood to help him and his mother survive.
William's mother was a strong and devout Baptist which carried onto William. Throughout his life he was a strong Baptist as well.
The Abolishment Movement was the struggle for the individual rights and freedom of the black man along with the abolishment of slavery, segregation and discrimination in the United States. The whole purpose was to free slaves. The Abolishment Movement started because slavery was cruel, unfair and unconstitutional. The second Great Awakening raised the ideas of abolishment. In 1833, the American Anti-Slavery Society Convention started riots in in Northeastern cities including New York and Philadelphia.
Why did William Garrison get involved?
William L. Garrison had a strong opinion against slavery ever since he was a young boy working with a newspaper. Garrison started working with the Newburyport Herald newspaper at age 13 and continued for seven more years. Garrison had found what he was meant to do and continued to until the day he died.
How did Garrison get involved?
William L. Garrison got involved in journalism at the age of 13, working for the Newburyport Herald newspaper. Seven years later, he moved on to buy out the Newburyport Essex Courant and renamed it the Newburyport Free Press where he would publicize his feelings and thoughts on impressment and slavery of African Americans. Sadly, it folded in 1828 , so Garrison moved to Boston and got a job as a Printer and Editor for the National Philanthropist Newspaper. The National Philanthropist expressed temperance and reform. Years later, after working with the National Philanthropist, Garrison decided to break away and create his own paper once more called The Liberator. For 30 years, William would continue to write about topics on abolishment of slavery. Garrison also founded the New England Anti-Slavery Society in 1832 and one year later co-founded the American Anti-Slavery Society.
Willian L. Garrison was in fact successful in getting his opinion out to the public on what he thought of impressment and what should be done. Garrison once said that, "I WILL BE HEARD" and he was when the civil war ended in 1862 and the abolishment of slavery became reality.
Below is a video on William L. Garrison
Who is William Lloyd Garrison?