Cardiac Arrest

By Mitajah Henry and KImberly Alonso

What is cardiac arrest?

Its a condition in which the heart suddenly and unexpectedly stops beating. If this happens, blood stops flowing to the brain and other vital organs.

How is it diagnosed?

Doctors rarely diagnose sudden cardiac arrest with medical tests as it's happening. Instead, sudden cardiac arrest is often diagnosed after it happens. Doctors do this by ruling out other causes of a person's sudden collapse.


  • Sudden collapse
  • No pulse
  • No breathing
  • Loss of consciousness


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Who is most likely to have this disease?

Men are most likely to have an cardiac arrest.

African Americans underlies this condition such as diabetes, high blood pressure, heart failure, and chronic kidney disease or certain cardiac findings.

What are the Prognosis?

Patient factors

Patient factors are those that are unique to the patient such as age, gender, lifestyle habits.

Event-related factors

Factors relating to the cardiac arrest itself are also associated with patient outcome.

First monitored rhythm of the heart

if ventricular fibrillation or tachycardia is detected on the first electrocardiogram after the event, the chances of survival are 18% to 64%. For other rhythms, the chances of survival are much lower, ranging from 1.2% to 14%.

Event duration

Patients with a shorter duration of cardiac arrest have a better prognosis and chance of survival than those with a longer duration of arrest.

Hospital location

The duration of cardiac arrest is usually much shorter when individuals live near to a hospital they can access.

What is Cardiac Arrest