Mesopotamia Culture

Madalyn, Cassandra, Emily

Introduction

Culture is the beliefs, traditions, food, dance, etc that a civilization shares. Culture is extremely important to a civilization. We have culture because it shapes our lifestyles. Culture describes our religion, the things we do and how we do them. The 5 main ways that culture was impacted are the following: architecture; religion; writing; innovations; and achievements. Religion impacted Mesopotamian culture. People in Mesopotamia worshiped their gods everyday. The act of writing gave them the ability to keep records about the offerings to the gods and the amount of food production through farming. Through their own innovations, people lived more efficiently. For example, they inventing the wheel and were the first civilization to ever write the written word. They even performed complex mathematics. Achievements impacted the way people lived. In Mesopotamia a big achievement was a Sundial. It was used to determine the time of the day.The culture during the River Valley civilizations made the largest impact on the people.

Culture Photo Gallery

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Religion

Religion controlled the people’s daily lives and traditions. In Mesopotamia the people worshiped and obeyed their gods, and leaders. In other words, they followed their holy leader’s commands without any questions. The gods and deities each had their own thign to control/rule over. One example of this is Enki was the water god and Utu was the sun god. The people created clay sculptures of themselves to be at the temples and worship the gods for them, while they were at work. The people trusted the priests to tell them about what the gods were saying, and warning them about. They made Ziggurats so that they could worship their gods. A Ziggurat is a temple where the worshiping of the gods took place. The gods lived at the very top of the Ziggurat. Only the priests were allowed to be at the top of the Ziggurat. They went to the top twice a day to make offerings to the gods and to see what the gods were trying to tell them. Priests were at the top of the social class along with the kings, they were obeyed, and trusted by all of the people in Mesopotamia.

Inovations

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Achievements

  • The people in mesopotamia had many achievements, such as wheels, chariots, and many other weapons that they would use during wars, and battles.


  • They were very successful in weapon making. They were able to create many different weapons with their resources. They created spears, bows, arrows, dagers, and sling shots.


  • The people made a military and weapons so that they will be able to fight to keep their land if anyone wanted to conquer it.


  • Mesopotamia was the first of the four civilizations to create writing. This occurred in 3100 B.C.

Architecture

Architecture impacted the study of mathematics, science and engineering. The more people built, the more they improved in science, mathematics and engineering. The people learned how to build better, and stable houses due to their advancements in understanding science, engineering, and mathematics. The type of houses people lived in showed what they had, and how important they were in the community. They created the hanging gardens of babylon, which were rooftop gardens on top of the citizen’s houses, these were made to cheer up King Nebuchadnezzar’s wife who was depressed because she grew up in a green mountain region, and the land of mesopotamia depressed her because it was not green. These were created around 600 B.C. In Mesopotamia, it flooded many times because the floods left behind clay and a layer of silt. They used these materials for building their homes. Mesopotamian ziggurats that were made of sun dried mud bricks. Architecture impacted the study of mathematics, science and engineering.

Conclusion

The greatest impact on people was made by the culture during the River Valley civilizations. Religion impacted Mesopotamian culture (people in Mesopotamia worshiped their gods everyday). The act of writing gave them the ability to keep records about the offerings to the gods and the amount of food production through farming. Through their own innovations, people lived more efficiently. For example, they inventing the wheel and were the first civilization to ever write the written word. They even performed complex mathematics. Achievements impacted the way people lived. In Mesopotamia a big achievement was a Sundial. Also, architecture impacted the study of mathematics, science and engineering. The more people built, the more they improved in science, mathematics and engineering.