The Awesome Indus River Valley

Mason, Emily L, Emily S, Max, Rachel

Article By Emily Liu-Historian, Smith Middle School

The Indus Valley civilization started when farmers used the fertile soil from a nearby river to grow and cultivate crops. They domesticated plants and animals. More people came to start new lives. People built towns and cities. Soon, there was no need for everyone to farm, so they found other jobs to do, such as fishing for fish and making pottery and jewelry. They learned new crafts and started to trade with other nearby civilizations. Meanwhile, technology became more advanced. They built sewage pipes and indoor bathroom. They also invented indoor plumbing. These were the greatest inventions they could give to human beings because this took technology to a new level. They truly became a civilization when they established Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro, two of the greatest cities that the Indus Valley people had ever built.

Religion influenced the Indus Valley people a lot. They worshiped gods and goddesses. The inhabitants believed that Mother goddess gave fertility to people, plants and animals. There were many other gods and goddesses, but Mother goddess was the most important because the people of the Indus Valley Civilization depended on her the most. There was also a priest-king. He ruled the city. He also made laws, collected taxes and led religious events and worships. The priest-king was an important leader and people followed him.

Experts think that the Indus Valley civilization faced environmental problems when it was at the verge of collapsing. They think that the Indus River changed course and flooded the nearby cities. Disease also spread among the inhabitants due to the carelessness of dumping waste into the streets. This all led to the downfall of the Indus Valley civilization. The civilization became very vulnerable because of these. People were hungry for new, fertile land to settle in and conquered the weakening civilization and started this process all over again.
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Article by Rachel Miller- Anthropologist, Smith Middle School

The Indus River Valley civilization's regions are Buddhism and Janism. They believed in barring the dead. They also strongly believed in gods/goddesses. The Indus Valley had an employment option called the Priest-King. The priest-king made all of the laws and collected the taxes from the traders.

People of the Indus Valley where very advanced for their time. They had things things like drains, indoor plumbing, houses, dogs as pets, ovens, briks, and some children may have gone to school. They had lots of tools then that we have such as, hammers, knives, needles, fish-hooks, axes. razors, and saws.

Plants, trees, and animals were the most important aspects of society to them. Specifically, fig trees. Animals they had where, sheep, goats, and pigs. Maybe even camels and donkeys.

People of the Indus Valley communicated with one another by writing. People would write to traders or sometimes even people of the Government. they wrote using symbols that stand for words. them wrote with a sharp or pointed stick or tool and marked in soft clay.

Article by Mason Boggess-geographer Smith Middle School

The Indus River Valley civilization started to settle into the southern part of Asia or where Pakistan is in modern world. They began to move in about 6,000 years ago. Geography helped lead to the civilization’s success because they lived very close to large rivers and great big areas. They could use the large canals to travel and trade to close by city-states. Also there were many animals around when they came and they could be tamed and used for farming.

The Harrapans had multiple natural resources such as large animals like oxen and horses that they could use for plowing their fields of crops that they ate and sold. There was many more animals that they could go out and hunt for food. The rivers played a big part in this because they could use the boats they made to trade with other people by sailing. The Harrapans were geographically lucky because they had long flat land with rivers and canals. Fish and so many other animals lived near by. This would supply lots of water and food for a civilization like the Indus River Valley.

The area that once was the home to the Indus River Valley civilization is now the area know as Pakistan today. Also Afghanistan and India are surrounding where this bold civilization used to live. The zone where they used to live is just like what happened to Persia because Persia became modern day Iraq.

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Article by Max Ring- Anthropologist #2 Smith Middle School

The most common religion of the Indus River Valley was Buddhism, was invented by Siddhartha Gautama. In their religion, Buddha means “the enlightened one.” The Indus River Valley was built mostly on a grid pattern with buildings made out of brick by baking them in a wooden stove. Also, their heart and soul of defending their city state was a huge brick wall surrounding the city. The way that most of the Indus Valley made a good profit was by shipping across the Arabian Sea and Persian Gulf.

Probably one of the biggest advancements that the Indus Valley had was the domestication of animals. For example: Sheep, goats and pigs were resourceful for meat, milk, cloth/wool, maybe fertilizer (from droppings), and possibly tools from the sheep/goat horns. Camels were and still effective for long travel across extremely dry terrain. Dogs and cats could have been domesticated for hunting reasons. Another largely important animal to be contained would have been the elephant because of its sheer size, but anthropologists are still trying to find out if they were adapted to humans by then.

I have a feeling that artwork was important to the Indus River Valley, because they made their artwork out of metals, (which if artwork wasn't important, they would have made it on cloth or a slab of stone). Also, the Indus Valley people made action figure like people representing gods or goddesses.

People mostly spoke languages that didn't have a written purpose, but they could still speak it. After a while the people of the Indus River Valley used symbols to communicate a lot like other ancient civilizations.

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Article by Emily Strahl-Archaeologist, Smith Middle School

The Indus valley had objects and inventions that had special importance like they built a big system of canals and dams and made a system to control the flooding of the Indus river and that’s important to have. They also have some inventions we still use today that had had spread they grew cotton and would weave it into cloth and they were the first to do that and we do that today. They also made their jewelry out of gold and semi precious stones, clay and we do that still today.

There is no evidence that this civilization impacted our life today because the river flooded most of the settlement and all that’s left if you go, there would be ruins. There was a legend that was, at the time passed around and describes their way of life. They had kids toys, and they had a market day when they would trade with merchants and traders. They also had jewelry

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