By Kaylea Carmichael

Demographics of Mexico

Mexico is basically made up of deserts, mountains, grasslands, woodlands, and tropical rain forests. The only thing that separates Mexico and Texas is the Rio Grande. The Gulf of California, Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico, and the Pacific Ocean form Mexico's coastline. In Mexico mountains take up most of the land with valleys separating the different ranges. In a few parts in Mexico it's wet and humid, and almost half of Mexico is arid or semiarid. In Mexico the average household income per capita is about $12,850 in US dollars.

Cultural information

In Mexico one of the most popular means of entertainment is lucha libre wrestling. This kind of wrestling is where the opponents wear masks, act like different characters, such as characters from comic books, and they do some acrobatic moves. Another form of entertainment is mariachi. Mariachi is a type of traditional Mexican folk music that originated in Jalisco around the 19th century it was originally intended for religious masses. People loved mariachi so much that it made its way into being very popular music for people who live in Mexico. Mariachi is usually played by a small group of musicians wearing charro outfits. The instruments that are typically played in mariachi music are trumpets, guitars, basses, and vihelas. (A type of guitar with five strings).
In Mexico city, Mexico it's sinking at a rate of 6 to 8 inches a year, Mexico city is built on top of a lake, over the ruins of an Aztec city, Technochtitlan. The government has pumps to draw out the water so it doesn't completely sink into the lake.
Mexico city is the one of the largest cities in the world, it has the highest elevation and is the oldest city in North America.

A Brief History of Mexico

Mexico's government is a Federal Republic. A Federal Republic government is a federation of states with a republican form of government.
Before the Spanish had come over and populated Mexico in 1519, Indians had occupied Mexico. The tribes in the north small groups of hunters and gatherers. In the rest of the country the natives were agriculturists. When the Spanish entered central Mexico the Aztecs had controlled most of the Mesa Central. The Aztecs had fulfilled a tribal prophesy by establishing a city where an eagle with a snake in its mouth rested on a cactus. This then became the national symbol of Mexico and is on the country's flag and official seal.

Famous historical event

Francisco Hernández de Córdoba was the first European to visit Mexico. He arrived in Yucatán from Cuba with three ships and 100 men. The people originally from Mexico and the Spanish clashed and around 50 people died and several more were captured. Eventually the Spanish governor sent more people back to Mexico under the commands of Hernán Cortés. Like most of the first European explorers, Cortés is determined to find a route to Asia and its immense riches in spices and other resources.

Famous people from Mexico

Frida Kahlo (artist)
Diego Boneta (Actor)
Salma Hayek (Actress)

Chichen Itza

Chichen Itza is the largest city of the Maya cities in the Yucatan peninsula. It's also one of the most visited tourist sites in Mexico. The most famous part of Chichen Itza is the temple pyramid of El Castillo. The pyramid's design is astronomically significant. Each side of the pyramid has a stairway with 91 steps with a shared step at the top, which added up all together is 365 steps, which is the exact number of days in the year. Other highlights are the Great Ballcourt and El Caracol, which is a circular temple which was an astronomical observatory.

Overview of the food and meals in Mexico

For a typical light breakfast in Mexico they will drink either coffee, hot chocolate or atole, which is a hot, thick drink that is either made with corn, rice, or oats. And they would eat a sweet bread or fruit to go along with their drink. This meal is called desayuno.
The next meal is called almuerzo. It's a heavier brunch usually eaten between 9 am and noon. It may consist of an egg or meat dish, or a dish made with fried tortillas and a spicy sauce such as chilaquiles or enchiladas.
The next meal is called comida and is usually eaten between 2 pm and 4 pm. Comida is the main meal of the day. It can consist of many courses, including soup or salad, a main dish and dessert. It's often accompanied by a fruit flavored water.
The last meal of the day is called cena. It may consist of just a hot drink and some bread, but it could also be a nice meal eaten in a restaurant, or a chance to try out some authentic Mexican tacos at a street stand. This meal is usually eaten between 7 and 9pm.

Mexico's culinary contribution

The foods that Mexico has contributed to the rest of the world are corn, beans, and chili peppers.
Mexican food is thought to have been derived from the Mayan Indians. Salsa was sold in the Aztec markets. Salsa is a spanish word for sauce. Large red tomatoes, tomatillo, chipotle, and avocado are all found in salsa. We have chocolate now, because of the Aztecs, it was through them that the Spaniards brought it to Europe in 1657.
The foods that are most associated with this country are, tacos, enchiladas, and salsa.

My Favorite Mexican Recipe

- 1 1/2 cups all-purpose flour
- 1 teaspoon baking powder
- 1/2 cup unsalted butter
- 1 cup white sugar
- 5 eggs
- 1/2 teaspoon vanilla extract
- 2 cups whole milk
- 1 (14 ounce) can sweetened condensed milk
- 1 (12 fluid ounce) can evaporated milk
- 1 1/2 cups heavy whipping cream
- 1 cup white sugar
- 1 teaspoon vanilla extract

  1. Preheat oven to 350 degrees F (175 degrees C). Grease and flour one 9x13 inch baking pan.
  2. Sift flour and baking powder together and set aside.
  3. Cream butter or margarine and the 1 cup sugar together until fluffy. Add eggs and the 1/2 teaspoon vanilla extract; beat well.
  4. Add the flour mixture to the butter mixture 2 tablespoons at a time; mix until well blended. Pour batter into prepared pan.
  5. Bake at 350 degrees F (175 degrees C) for 30 minutes. Pierce cake several times with a fork.
  6. Combine the whole milk, condensed milk, and evaporated milk together. Pour over the top of the cooled cake.
  7. Whip whipping cream, the remaining 1 cup of the sugar, and the remaining 1 teaspoon vanilla together until thick. Spread over the top of cake. Be sure and keep cake refrigerated, enjoy!
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