Renaissances Culture

By Cristian Degollado

language

The language used in the renaissances is PROPER English.



Good morning.=Good morrow.

Good afternoon.=Good day.

I’ll see you later.=I shall see you anon.

How are you?=How now?

Please…=Prithee or Pray…

Thank you.=Grammercy.

Hello, nice to see you!=Hail and well met!

What time is it?=How stands the hour?

Where are the restrooms?=Whither be the privies?

What is your name?=What be thy tide?

Please wait on me!=Prithee, attend me!

I'm thirsty.=I be parched.

Goodbye, I gotta go!=Fare thee well; I must away!

Clothing

Women-

Women wore gowns comprised of a tight-fitting bodice and a fuller skirt that would hang down to the ankles. Dresses cut to expose much of the neckline were acceptable and fashionable. Clothing of the upper classes was heavy and cumbersome, and restricted movement for the wearer. Women of the lower classes wore much less restrictive styles, both for freedom of movement, and because they did not have servants to help them dress. In dressing, a lower class women would wear a much looser corset, or none at all, and would possibly eschew other underpinnings such as bum rolls (crescent-shaped cushions worn around the hips) or farthingales (hoop skirts used to hold the skirts out) for added comfort.

Men-

A man's outfit would start with a shirt, similar to today's dress shirt, but lacking the collar and cuffs we are familiar with, instead sometimes utilizing lace collars and cuffs. Over this would go a doublet, or fitted top, and finally over that a jerkin, a close-fitting jacket. Men of the working class like their female counterparts dressed for utility and might simply wear the shirt alone.

Instead of trousers as we are used to them today, men would wear hose on their legs. The upper hose were (often poufy) knee-length trousers which were met by the nether hose, or stockings, on the lower leg. In the reign of Henry VIII, doublets became shorter, creating a space between the upper hose and the doublet. In order to preserve modesty, the cod piece became popular again, having been around since the middle ages. The cod piece was originally a cloth or animal skin pocket in the from of hose or trouser, but were now made from various materials, and often padded or used for storage - Henry VIII used his codpiece to store money.

Food

Peasants-Peasants would eat soup or mush for food for just about every meal. They would also generally have some black bread. The soup would have been made of scraps of food, usually vegetables such as carrots or sometimes eggs.

Wealthy People-Meat,Fruit;Most of their meat was usually served either extremely fresh or salted and preserved. If you were rich you would eat meat mostly every day not just at a feast but when ever they wanted to just because they had more money then the poor did.Back in the renaissance if you ate meat it mostly depended on your religion.

Have you ever wondered what rich people were drinking back in the renaissance time. Well water was very command in their time they mostly drank it with every meal. Another command drink was wine,they use to drink wine at feast or at any celebrations that they had in the renaissance time. Both of the drinks were very command for the rich people in their time.

Housing

Peasants-

Peasant houses are the least nice of the kinds of housing during the Renaissance. Peasants worked for feudal barons, land owning nobles, city, republic, or commune (Brown). Peasant houses were made of earth stone or wood, whatever they had more of (Brown). They used thatched roofs. Thatch is a plant stalk or foliage, such a reeds or palm fronds. Windows were rectangular holes with wooden shutters to cover them (Ridley).

Wealthy people-Castles,they were originally built to protect inhabitants during wars and sieges (Brown). Eventually castles were turned into homes for royalty and nobility. Castles were the best kinds of houses in that time and they are still very popular today. Castles may sometimes be thought of as a mansion; however a mansion was for royalty and important people to live. Castles were meant for protection and that is what they were built for. They were built with more stability then other buildings, mostly made of brick or stone.

Architecture


Brunelleschi was considered the first Renaissance architect. Some historians consider the start of the Renaissance to be 1419, when he won the commission to build the dome above the cathedral of Florence. This dome was an ambitious undertaking as it was to be the largest dome built since the Pantheon in Ancient Rome, which had been built 1500 years earlier. The entire dome, including the lantern on top, would take much of Brunelleschi's life to complete. The gold ball at the top weighed nearly two tons by itself. It also took over four million bricks to construct the dome. Brunelleschi also had to invent new ways of lifting heavy objects high into the air, which would later be used by other architects.
Brunelleschi also designed two churches in Florence; the church of San Lorenzo and the church of Santo Spirito. These churches were built with symmetry and order. Many more churches throughout Europe would mimic this basic design in the coming years.

Art

The Mona Lisa is a half-length portrait of a woman by the Italian artist Leonardo da Vinci, which has been acclaimed as "the best known, the most visited, the most written about, the most sung about, the most parodied work of art in the world".

Transportation

Some people took boat becuase the cheapest but they also took trains(steam trains), by foot, or by bike.More would be Camels, Merchant ships, Carriagos, horses and donkeys were mostly used by wealthy people.

Religion

Humanism-The 95 Theses led to the Reformation, a break with theRoman Catholic Church that previously claimed hegemony in Western Europe. Humanism and the Renaissance therefore played a direct role in sparking the Reformation, as well as in many other contemporaneous religious debates and conflicts.

History

The Renaissance's intellectual basis was humanism, derived from the rediscovery of classical Greek philosophy, such as that of Protagoras, who said, that "Man is the measure of all things." This new thinking became manifest in art, architecture, politics, science and literature. Early examples were the development of perspective in oil painting and the recycled knowledge of how to make concrete. Although the invention of metal movable type sped the dissemination of ideas from the later 15th century, the changes of the Renaissance were not uniformly experienced across Europe.

As a cultural movement, it encompassed innovative flowering of Latin and vernacular literatures, beginning with the 14th century resurgence of learning based on classical sources, which contemporaries credited to Petrarch; the development of linear perspective and other techniques of rendering a more natural reality in painting; and gradual but widespread educational reform. In politics, the Renaissance contributed to the development of the customs and conventions ofdiplomacy, and in science to an increased reliance on observation andinductive reasoning. Although the Renaissance saw revolutions in many intellectual pursuits, as well as social and political upheaval, it is perhaps best known for its artistic developments and the contributions of such polymaths as Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo, who inspired the term "Renaissance man".[

Traditions

The Westernclassical tradition is the receptionof classical Greco-Roman antiquity by later cultures, especially the post-classical West,[2]involving texts, imagery, objects, ideas, institutions, monuments, architecture, cultural artifacts, rituals, practices, and sayings.[3]Philosophy, political thought, and mythology are three major examples of how classical culture survives and continues to have influence.[4] The West is one of a number of world cultures regarded as having a classical tradition, including the Indian, Chinese, Judaic, and Islamictraditions.[5]

The study of the classical tradition differs from classical philology, which seeks to recover "the meanings that ancient texts had in their original contexts."[6] It examines both later efforts to uncover the realities of theGreco-Roman world and "creative misunderstandings" that reinterpret ancient values, ideas and aesthetic models for contemporary use.[7]The classicist and translator Charles Martindale has defined the reception of classical antiquity as "a two-way process … in which the present and the past are in dialogue with each other."[8]

Sources

Language-http://www.sheppardsoftware.com/Europeweb/factfile/Unique-facts-Europe20.htm

http://www.renfair.com/socal/join/languageguide.asp

Clothing-http://www-personal.umd.umich.edu/~cfinlay/sumptuary.html

Food-https://prezi.com/jeqaze_xtjo1/food-of-the-renaissance/

https://sites.google.com/a/pvlearners.net/renaissance-food/home/what-rich-people

Housing-http://nrmsrenaissance.wikispaces.com/Renaissance+Housing

Architecture-http://www.ducksters.com/history/renaissance_architecture.php

Art-https://www.google.com/search?q=mona%20lisa&espv=2&biw=1319&bih=634&stick=H4sIAAAAAAAAAG2Su47UMBSGSQHa9azEKiCEUiFEQZf7rUNCdIxWgq0Zje3EmcR2Mk60SfwYVHTUSLwI8wCUFHS8ASUzK59MQ_fZ5_zn8tsXD19euML1asyC4LEq5HbX91tJihdbNRys-1geh7XBUxqg1OHBujxhmAyYGCZy7gSkqFia6yDPaA7c-LVnOOK97xuORTSMwEOabwynClN9sNCJy70ndAW9mN5D30zOHAqlKc4FzEZrSow40FFV8nM3mZoAE0RUCVRSEa5NoFLVuRRRvqdBLfUmW5LScgPLhSUtZ8M4EhIEmZd4PXCumG_ESYIZmWBwXtdgalZm5Dj4ymWuH_ibSDVQNuumSRl5nE-dzM4epPFJcmTfjwVtKGwez7wBbzMxj9FZv08rWMRncwyuB3M99otc67QxAYo7DgNXMcPJYiLLQ3A0UFWSe7BjqGXNzCEKNemXV5sU78DSscn4b-ubtbr-8_fXE-er9fn7j5_WFwtdv2_bvuDzh4Jvh4LetvYr9OidHHbDbDvoyrn_bAm5m14_cBBaTvYntPpYDLftuqW7crZv7DW6XBcCF6q_Ke03CL1tOS_IsGulHaDnzlOXLBfu8f-PrWr6Y81n6L-Rq3-O3wrePQMAAA&source=lnms&sa=X&sqi=2&pjf=1&ved=0CAoQ_AUoAGoVChMIz4XUzI2UyQIVE-ZjCh3MZAD8&dpr=1&safe=active&ssui=on

Transportation-https://prezi.com/9lcqnoz0-a_z/transportation-during-the-renaissance/

Religion-https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Renaissance

History-https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Renaissance

Traditions-https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Classical_tradition