How the Federal Court System Works

By: Mitchell Wesoly

The Beginning

Cases start at the District Court. The District Courts use original jurisdiction, which is the authority to hear the case for the first time. The Court of Appeals uses appellate jurisdiction. Appellate jurisdiction is the authority to have a cases appealed from a lower court.


U.S Marshals make arrests, collects fines and takes convicted person's to prison, also keeps order in court and serve papers. U.S Attorney's are government lawyers who prosecutes people accused of breaking federal laws. Magistrate Judges decide whether accused people should be held in jail or released on bail.


U.S. Chief Justices can serve their whole lives, terms called life terms. A precedent is using a past judges response to help them make decisions today. An opinion is the logical reasoning used to make a decision in the court. If a trial is remanded, it is sent back to a lower court. A circuit is the geographical zone of the judicial branch where trials occur.