Diabetes Mellitus

By: Emily Simmons

Definition

This is the most common form of diabetes, is that is caused when the pancreas will not produces insulin. The lack of insulin results in a failure to metabolize sugars and starch

Risk Factors

  • Family History
  • Environmental Factors
  • Dietary Factors
  • Geography
  • Weight
  • Inactivity
  • Race
  • Age
  • Gestational diabetes
  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
  • High Blood pressure
  • Abnormal Cholesterol and triglyceride

Effects of Diabetes

Short Term


  • Hypoglycemia
  • Ketoacidosis
  • Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketoyic Syndrome

Long Term



  • Macrovascular complications
  • Microvascular complication

Treatment

  • Healthy Eating
  • Physical Activity
  • Monitoring Blood Sugar
  • Insulin
  • Transplantation

Methods of Insulin Delivery

Prognosis

  • increased risk of blindness
  • end-stage renal disease
  • cardiovascular disease
  • early death
  • increased risk for stroke