Bill of Rights

Amendments 1 and 5

1st Amendment

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.

What It Means

The 1st amendment gives people the right to freedom of speech and press, religion, assembly, and petition.
Does Free Speech Offend You?

5th Amendment

No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb, nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use without just compensation.

What It Means

The Fifth Amendment gives people the right to a trial by jury before behing punished for a crime. No one can get tried twice for the same crime or be forced to incriminate themselves. The government can also not take away your natural rights or any private property without paying back the owner.
Constitutional Conversation: 5th Amendment - Due Process - Part 1