Trip to the Deep Sea

Hannah Luchinski

Where You Could Go

The ocean floor in the deep sea is a very beautiful place to visit. There are many interesting characteristics below the surface that many people will never see. In the deep sea there are three main sections. The Sunlit Zone, the Twilight Zone, and The Midnight Zone each with different types of fish and species. Deep down under the surface you will find the ocean floor. The ocean floor has different sections such as the Mid Ocean Ridges, the Abyssal Plain, Continental Shelf, Slope and Rise. Each part of the deep sea has its own beautiful and unique characteristics.
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Differences in the Deep Sea

Down in the deep sea it will be unlike anything you have ever experienced before. It is nothing like swimming in a pool or in a lake , it is a whole new adventure entirely. The density, temperature, pressure, and salinity are very different than the normal ocean environment. The temperature is 45 degrees Fahrenheit in the Twilight Zone and 32 degrees Fahrenheit in the Midnight Zone. The density ranges around 1.028 slightly more dense than regular water because of the salt. The salinity reaches around 34.9-55.0 at 1550-4000 meters in the North Atlantic Deep Water daily. The pressure also reaches up to 250 atmospheres at 2500 meters. So prepare for an experience like none other in the deep sea
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Experiences in the Deep Sea

Down in the deep sea there are many exciting things that you will experience and encounter. There are animals, land forms and organisms of all different shapes and sizes. for the land forms there are Trenches, Mid Ocean Ridges, Abyssal Plains, Continental Slope, Rise and Shelf all for you to see in the deep sea. Down under the surface there is not only cool land forms but interesting animals and organisms. There are producers, consumers, and decomposers everywhere just in plain sights. A few examples are Phytoplankton, Zooplankton, Shrimp, Dragonfish, Anglerfish, Bacteria, Gulper Eel, and Amphipod to name a few. And if you are lucky you may end up seeing and invasive species such as the Green Crab, the Killer Algae, the Sea Walnut or maybe even the Zebra Mussel. All of these cool things can be seen if you just take the dive into the deep sea.
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All About Science

Down in the deep sea there are things that happen daily that could affect your visit and make it more interesting. One of those things is upwelling. In the ocean there is a constant upwelling of nutrients from the bottom of the ocean to the top. This upwelling will happen daily and is essential to the ocean because without upwelling, organisms near the ocean surface would not have the nutrients needed to survive.

In the deep sea there are many different types of organisms and living creatures that live together working well to make sure that everyone gets what they need. But sadly there are also some invasive species that try and take over the deep sea threatening certain types of life. Invasive species to look out for are, the Green Crab, the Killer Algae, the Sea Walnut, and the Zebra Mussel to name a few. So when you are exploring the deep sea watch out for the invasive species.

Down in the deep sea you won't only find beautiful fish and plants but you will also find some essential resources deep down under the surface. If you look hard enough you can find rare minerals and elements that you can't always find on land. So keep an eye out for some resources in the deep blue sea.

In our oceans there are so many beautiful things but sadly there are some terrible things. In the deep sea there are tons of garbage the humans put there from dumping pollution, and mining. This is putting garbage in the ocean that could be confused as food for some poor fish. Not only are we putting garbage in the oceans but we are also increasing the Carbon Dioxide we release into the air which is then absorbed into the ocean. By limiting how much we liter and how much Carbon Dioxide we release into the atmosphere we can help the fish and the rest of the ocean

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Deep Seas to Visit

The Atlantic, the Pacific, the Indian, the Southern, and the Arctic oceans all have beautiful deep seas that you can visit and explore

What to Bring

In order to have an excellent time in the deep sea be sure sure to bring these essentials

1.) Clothes for travel and hotel time

2.) Your swimsuit

3.) Life Vest

4.) Snorkel Gear

5.) Oxygen Tank

6.) And money DUH!