Africa and Atlantic World

Connor Giddens & Emerson Clark

Social Effects of the Slave Trade

Slave trade alone deprived the African society of about 16 million individuals along with several more million due to Islamic slave trade. West African societies were also open to slave raiding.

Political Effects of the Slave Trade

The negative impact of the international slave trade on Africa was immense. It can be seen on the personal, family, communal, and continental levels. In addition to the millions of able-bodied individuals captured and transported, the death toll and the economic and environmental destruction resulting from wars and slave raids were startlingly high. In the famines that followed military actions, the old and very young were often killed or left to starve.

The Plantation System

the biggest cash crop was cotton. The south was the largest producer of cotton during the time. A plantation economy is an economy based on agricultural mass production, usually of a few staple products grown on large farms called plantations. Plantation economies rely on the export of cash crops as a source of income. Prominent plantation crops included cotton, rubber, sugar cane, tobacco, figs, rice, kapok, sisal and species in the genus Indigofera, used to produce indigo dye.

Forms of Resistance

Many slaves would intentionally work slowly to delay progress for their masters. Some would even brake their own labor tools to rebel. Slaves would run away and in many cases try to spread this rebellious spirit