Trajan's Forum and Market

Maximus and Titus


The buildings are largely constructed using concrete and faced with brick. Also brick pilasters are used to add elegance.


Emperor Trajan Constructed the Forum/Market to include buildings that would function as a covered market, small shops and residential apartments. Also built to display goods for people to buy. Also during the 12th and 13th century it was used as a medieval fortress to protect the emperor.

When was the forum built in?

Trajan’s Market was built between 107 and 110 CE during the great reign of Emperor Trajan. The most recent excavation was in the 1930's where the site acquired the name Trajan's Market and stands as the most imperial ruin in Rome


Located on the Via dei Fori Imperiali, at the opposite end to the Colosseum.

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Structures within the Forum

The Structures found include a grand covered Market, small shop fronts and a vast residential apartment block. Another structure would be government buildings on the 2nd and 3rd floor. Lastly there was places to worship throughout the Forum/Market.


The markets were built with a series of large step-shaped structure. This solved the problem of stability and allowed for a good design.

What was unique about this market?

This was the first forum of it's kind. With all of the different structures and uses of the forum no other forum could compare. One of the biggest differences was that it had apartments for wealthy members of society to live,

Is the Forum still standing?

The forum has been standing since around 110 CE and many parts are still very distinguishable from its time.

Are there any modern counterparts?

Yes, Modern day we call it a supermarket or mall. Trajan's market would be compared to the mall of America in ancient roman times.


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Cartwrite, Mark. "Trajan's Market." Ancient History Encyclopedia. N.p., 8 Oct. 2013. Web. 04 May 2015.

D'emelio, James. Trajan Forum, Roman. Digital image. Shell.cas. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 May 2015.

"Overview of Buildings." Overview of Buildings. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 May 2015.

Packer, James. "Trajan's Forum." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 04 May 2015.