rules regulations and laws

Rules and Laws

Scoring system
  • A match consists of the best of 3 games of 21 points.
  • Everytime there is a serve - there is a point scored.
  • The side winning a rally adds a point to the score.
  • At 20 all, the side which gains a 2 point lead first, wins that game.
  • At 29 all, the side scoring the 30th piint, wins that game.
  • The side winning a game serves first in the next game.

Interval and change ends
  • When the leading score reaches 11 points, players have a 60 second interval.
  • A 2 minute interval between each game is allowed.
  • In the third game, players change ends when the leading score reaches 11 points.

  • At the beginning of the game and when the server's score is even, the server serves from the right service court. when the server's score is odd, the server serves from the left service court.
  • If the server wins a rally, the server scores a point and then serves again from the alternate service court.
  • If the reciever wins a rally, the reciever scores a point and become the new server. They serve from the appropriate service court - left if their score is odd, and right if it is even.

  • A side only has one service.
  • If the game is even then the right hand player serves, if the game is odd the left hand player serves.
  • If the serving side wins the point, then the same server seves again but from the other side, and if the non-serving side scores a point then they will get the point.
  • the players do not change their respective service courts until they win a point when their side is serving.

Fouls and sanctions
  • Contact fault - you and your racket cannot touch the net in the middle of a rally. No part of your body can touch the shuttlecock.
  • Over the net fault - your racket is not allowed to go over the net and hit the shuttlecock before it goes over your side of the net, but you are allowed to go over the net once the shuttlecock has passed over your side and you have hit it.
  • Service fault - the shuttle must be struck from below your waist, your racket head must be pointing at a downward direction when you hit the shuttle, your racket must swing in an upward direction.
  • Receiver fault - when your opponent it serving, you cannot move until your opponent has hit the shuttlecock.
  • Double hit - you can only hit the shuttlecock once when it is on your side, you may only hit it again once your opponent has returned the shot.

  • Substitutions are unlikely to happen due to the fact that if you are going to make a substitution, you would have to come to an agreement with the other team, and this would be unlikely to happen due to that fact that a substitution would be a massive advantage to another team. The only time a substitution may occur would be because of an injury, and the player is unable to play any more.


The court and net
  • In normal play, the court is 13.40m long and 5.10m (singles) or 6.10m (doubles) wide. The height of the net is 1.524m over the centre of the court, but 1.55m over the side lines of the doubles court.
  • The singles court always covers the full length of the court, from base line to base line, both in normal play and for the service. Similarly, singles are always played on the narrow court.
  • Doubles are always played on the wide court. During a rally, the base line at the back of the court marks the end of the court. However, a doubles service must be played into the short service court, marked by the doubles service line 80 centimetres before the base line.
  • The recommended surface for a badminton court is wood. Due to the fact that playing on concrete or carpet increases the risk of injury if you dive for a shot or just fall.


  • Warming up before play is important and will reduce the chances of muscle and joint injuries. You can start with general warm up like stretching and jogging.
  • Avoid slippery floor, make sure that the shoes that you are using are suitable for badminton, and if they are not, buy some special shoes that will prevent injury.