The Wood Duck

About the Wood Duck

The Latin name for the duck is Aix sponsa. The average length and weigh for the male ducks are 20'' and 1.5 lbs. The female's average length and weigh is 19'' and 1.4 lbs.

The Mirgartion and Wintering of the Wood Duck

In the eastern and western United States, 30-75 percent of wood ducks are permanent residents. Migratory wood ducks use the Atlantic Flyway from New Brunswick to Georgia and south to eastern Texas and the West Indies. The western migratory birds use the Pacific Flyway from British Columbia to the Central Valley of California. Both populations winter over southern portions of their respective breeding ranges, with small numbers south to central Mexico. No clearly defined migratory path exists for interior birds, though they seem to converge south of Kentucky along the Mississippi River floodplain. Generally, wintering habitat differs little from habitats used at other times of the year. Wood ducks predominantly use forested wetlands with a variety of hardwood tree species. Wood ducks are resident in Cuba and are scarce winter visitors to Mexico and Bermuda. They occasionally winter in the Cayman Islands (Scott and Carbonell, 1986).


Reliable estimates of wood duck populations do not exist due to the difficulty of surveying birds in forested habitat, though data from the Breeding Bird Survey (1966-1994) and Christmas Bird Count (1959-1988) indicate increasing populations in nearly all regions of North America.