Hepatitis C

By: Cassie Jenkins

Description of the disease?

An infection caused by a virus that attacks the liver and leads to inflammation.

Diagnosis

Hepatitis C is diagnosed using two blood tests: the antibody test and the PCR test. The results usually come back within two weeks. The antibody test. The antibody blood test determines whether you have ever been exposed to the hepatitis C virus by testing for the presence of antibodies to the virus.

How the disease is transmitted?

Hepatitis C is usually spread when blood from a person infected with the Hepatitis C virus enters the body of someone who is not infected. Today, most people become infected with the Hepatitis C virus by sharing needles or other equipment to inject drugs.

Relative frequency of the disease

People who get tattoos are 4 times more likely to get Hepatitis C. 8 out of 60 patients get infected with Hepatitis C.
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Disease course

The natural course of hepatitis C disease varies from one person to another.


Possible complications

  • Scarring of the liver tissue (cirrhosis). After 20 to 30 years of hepatitis C infection, cirrhosis may occur.

  • Liver cancer. A small number of people with hepatitis C infection may develop liver cancer.

  • Liver failure.

Target audience

People who share needles

Contact with blood

Treatment

  • Daclatasvir (Daklinza)

  • Ledipasvir and sofosbuvir (Harvoni)

  • Ombitasvir-paritaprevir-ritonavir (Technivie)

  • Ombitasvir-paritaprevir-ritonavir plus dasabuvir (Viekira Pak)

  • Simeprevir (Olysio)

  • Sofosbuvir (Sovaldi)