Created By: Manjari Kavi
Adolf Hitler was born in Austria on April 20, 1889 to Alois Hitler and Klara Polzl. He was the fourth child out of six and he didn't have the best relationship with his father. When his younger brother Edmund died in 1900, he became even more distant and introverted. His family moved to Germany from Austria when Hitler was three. This sparked his interest in German nationalism, and he rejected Austria-Hungarian authority. When his father, who didn't support his interest in the fine arts, died, Hitler applied to the Academy of Fine Arts, but he was rejected twice. When World War I broke out, Hitler applied to serve in the German army even though he was still an Austrian citizen. He recieved the Iron Cross First Class and the Black Wound Badge for his bravery.
The Great Depression in Germany gave Hitler an opportunity to seize power. Hitler ran against Paul Von Hindenburg for presidency, but came in second in both elections. This gave Hitler a strong hold of German politics, so Hindenburg made him the Chancellor of Germany. But Hitler used his position to form a de facto legal dictatorship and seized power of the legislative and executive branches. By July 14, 1933, Hitler's Nazi party became the only legal political party in Germany. A day before Hindenburg's death, the cabinet combined the powers of the president and the chancellor together. Now, Hitler became head of state and head of government. He withdrew Germany from the League of Nations, and began mobilizing for war. The Nazi rule enforced many social reforms and the idea of "racial hygiene", which we now know as the Holocaust.
How did Hitler gain support?
The Nazis used propaganda and Hitler used his exceptional speaking skills to appeal to the people's nationalism. He convinced that what he was doing was the good of the country—the things that had to be done to make Germany superior. And it worked because the people of Germany believed that Hitler was going to make Germany great and superior.