Jammu And Kashmir
About JAMMU And KASHMIR
JAMMU And KASHMIR is the Northern most state of India, and shares its borders with Punjab and Himachal Pradesh. It's neighbouring countries are : Pakistan, Afghanistan, and China. JAMMU And KASHMIR covers an area of 222,236 sq. km. The state has several beautiful tourist locations with hills, temples and lakes. Jammu is famous for its temples while the Kashmir valley is known for its lakes and gardens. Other prominent locations include Gulmarg, Pahalgam, Patnitop, Leh, Sanasar, Zanskar and Krimchi.
Climate of Jammu And Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir has a varied climate which is mainly because of its rugged topography. The state has an altitude from 395 meters to 6910 meters. The Climate in summer is mild owing to the rainfall that takes place on the outer hills and plains. The temperature falls owing to the rainfall in the hills as moisture laden winds strike the high peaks. The valley being on a higher altitude has a milder climate than that of the outer plains. In winter, the Mediterranean winds cause snowfall in the valley. The elevation of the mountains and valleys in the middle zone is the influential factor of the climate in these regions. Summers are mild and of short duration while winters are cold and dry. The level of cold increases with rising altitude and eventually snowfalls occurs in the higher mountain ranges.
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LANGUAGE,SONG, DANCE, DRESS AND FESTIVAL
The main languages spoken in the state of Jammu and Kashmir are Kashmiri, Urdu, Pahari, Dogri, Balti, Gojri, Ladakhi, Shina and Pashto. Nevertheless, Urdu written in the Persian script is the official language of Jammu and Kashmir. Apart from all these, the people in the state use Hindi or English as a second language.
Chakri is one of the most popular types of folk music played in Jammu & Kashmir.Chakri is played with musical instruments like the harmonium, the rubab, the sarangi and the nout.
It is a very important part of the Henna Night during weddings.
Rouf or Wanwun
Rouf is a traditional dance form usually performed by girls on certain important occasions like Eid, marriage and other functions. Rouf includes dancing and singing simultaneously. No musical instrument is required for this. Rouf is also known as Wanwun. (when performed in marriages)
Ladishah is one of the most important part of Kashmiri music tradition. Ladishah is a sarcastic form of singing. It is made on the spot.
Sufiana Kalam is a classical music played with a 100 stringed instrument called SANTOOR
The Kud dance is one of the hiilly region dances from Jammu, exhibits swaying & sinuous movements. Kud is basically a ritual dance performed in honor of Lok Devatas. This is a kind of thanks-giving ritual based dance performed mostly during nights. As characteristics of all folk dances, spontaneity is also a feature of this dance. People of all agesparticipate in this folk dance form, which is accompanied by musical instruments used during the dance like Narshingha, chhaina, flute and drums. It is the rhythm of music that directs the movement of all participants.
Dumhal Dance The famous folk dance of the Kashmiri people is called as Dumhal. Generally, this dance is performed with wearing long colourful robes, tall conical caps. Their caps or costumes are studded with beads and shells. Only the men folk of the Wattal are privileged to perform this dance on specific occasions.
The dress of Jammu and kashmir is well-known for its embroidery and design it reflects the richness of their culture and landscape of the region. the dress is made in such a way that they can counter the harsh climate. The dress is mainly made up of wool, silk and cotton.
- Lohri 13 January
- Baisakhi :13 or 14 April
- Bahu Mela :March–April and September–October
- Chaitre Chaudash :March–April
- Purmandal Mela :February–March
- Jhiri Mela :October–November
- Navratri Festival : September–October
- Urs : all year round
by: dona daniel