Indian python

Python molurus

Classification

Domain Eukarya: All organisms in domain eukarya are multicellular and are eukaryotes.


Kingdom Animalia: All animals are multicellular and are heterotrophs which means that animals are made up of more than one cell and they have to consume other organisms for energy. Most animals reproduce sexually in order to keep their species alive. There are around 9 to 10 million of animal species on earth but most of the animals are insects.


Phylum Chordata: All animals in phylum chordata have bilateral symmetry. This means that they only have one line of symmetry. Animals in the phylum chordata have a structure called a notochord. A notochord is a rod that extends almost all of the body.


Sub phylum Vertebrata: A lot of animals are in the sub phylum vertebrata because they have a vertabral column, or a backbone. The backbone or vertebral column to form the main skeletal axis of the body. Animals in the sub phylum vertebrata have 2 kidneys with ducts. The animals have these so that they can drain waste to exterior.


Class Reptilia: All animals in the class reptilia have lungs instead of gills. This means that they can't breath underwater like fish or other sea creatures. Some reptile eggs are covered in a shell that leathery. This is used for protecting the egg a little bit better.


Order Squamata: The Indian python is in the order Squamata.


Family Boidae: The Indian python is in the family Boidae.


Genus Python: The Indian python is in the genus python.


Species molurus: The Indian python is in the species molurus.

Behavioral Adaptations

Behavioral Adaptation 1: The Indian python will either stalk, ambush, or scavenge while looking for food. This helps them survive because if the Indian python did not do one of these things, its prey will run away and the Indian python will have nothing to eat.


Behavioral Adaptation 2: Indian pythons are usually found by or in water. This helps them survive because it is easier for the Indian python to get water if it is by or near it.


Behavioral Adaptation 3: Pythons in general have different defense mechanisms. Pythons might roll into a ball and put their head in the coils while others might try to escape a predator. Some might even go into a striking position that looks like an s and use their constricting power if grabbed. But the defense mechanisms help pythons protect themselves from predators and will help them live.


Behavioral Adaptation 4: The Indian python constricts its prey instead biting and eating its prey quickly. This helps the Indian python survive because it is an effective way to kill its prey. If the Indian python did not do this method some animals could run away injured but by constricting its prey, it will not go anywhere and the python could eat without chasing its prey for a second time.


Behavioral Adaptation 5: Indian pythons are excellent swimmers and can even catch prey in the water. In order to catch prey in the water, an Indian python would lay submerged in the water with only their head sticking out. When a bird or small mammal comes, the Indian python would ambush the prey. This helps the Indian python survive because it is a way to get their prey with the element of surprise. This is important because it is easier to catch prey when the animal doesn't even know that you are there.


Behavioral Adaptation 6: Indian pythons move in a straight line. They do this by stiffening their ribs to provide support, and by lifting the scales on their belly they are able to move forward. Even though pythons aren't very fast, They ambush their prey, so they don't need be fast. By ambushing their prey, the Indian python can get an easy meal without having to be very fast.


Behavioral Adaptation 7: Indian python mothers are very protective of their babies. An Indian python mother will even shiver to raise the temperature of her eggs. Plus, a mother will stay coiled around their eggs until the babies hatch. This helps the baby pythons survive because they are being protected by their mother from predators and they can actually live instead of being eaten by another animal before they ever actually hatch out of their egg.

Physical Adaptations

Physical Adaptation 1: The Indian python has light marks on it which helps it hide from predators and it helps it with camouflage.


Physical Adaptation 2: Indian pythons have heat sensing pits on its head. This helps the Indian python locate their prey because they have poor eyesight.


Physical Adaptation 3: Pythons have really long front teeth. This helps pythons because it makes it easier to catch and grasp their prey.


Physical Adaptation 4: Pythons have a little more teeth than boas do. This helps pythons because it is easier to eat prey with more teeth. For example, it is like eating food. If you have more teeth you can eat your food easier but, if you have less teeth it is a little bit harder to eat your food.


Physical Adaptation 5: Indian pythons become very big in their lifetime which helps them survive because it is easier to get prey. If you are a smaller animal, it is harder to get prey bigger than you but, if you are big it is easier because if you are a big animal, you are intimidating and are very strong.


Map

These areas are where the Indian python can be found

General Description

Length: The Indian python is about 20 feet or 6 meters. But the longest Indian python recorded was 29.5 feet or 9 meters.


Natural Range: Indian pythons can be found from India through Southeast Asia to China and on some Indonesian islands.


Weight: Indian pythons can weigh as much as 91 kg or 200 lbs.


Habitat: The Indian python can live in a lot of different habitats, for example they live in rain forests, scrub lands, grassy marshes, etc. But, Indian pythons are usually found in areas with sufficient cover. Indian pythons are never that far away from water because they prefer damp areas.


Diet: The Indian python's diet is mostly live prey. It targets rodents and other mammals. A small portion of what the Indian python eats is birds, amphibians, and reptiles. The Indian python will stalk, ambush, or scavenge while looking for prey. Indian pythons bite or constrict their prey in order to kill it. Plus Indian pythons eat their prey whole instead of tearing it apart bite by bite.


Predators: Indian pythons do have predators. When Indian pythons are young, they can be attacked and eaten by birds, dogs, hyenas, large frogs, large insects, spiders, and other snakes. However, adult Indian pythons can be attacked and eaten by birds of prey, lions, and leopards.


Color: The Indian python is darkly colored with some brown and dark cream in it's color too.

References


Burton, M., & Burton, R. (2002). Python. In International wildlife encyclopedia (3rd ed., Vol. 15, pp. 2079-2081). New York, NY: Marshall Cavendish.

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Python molurus indian python. (n.d.). Retrieved March 25, 2015, from Encyclopedia of Life website: http://eol.org/pages/1055458/overview#Description

Python molurus; Maps indian python. (n.d.). Retrieved March 20, 2015, from http://eol.org/data_objects/21415026

Reptiles python. (n.d.). Retrieved March 25, 2015, from San Diego Zoo Animals website: http://animals.sandiegozoo.org/animals/python