STAAR Vocab

#1 Benjamin Rush

1745?- 1813 patriot and doctor; signer of the Declaration of Independence and strong supporter of the Constitution

#2 John Witherspoon

American Revolutionary leader and educator (born in Scotland) who was a signer of the Declaration of Independence and president of the college that became Princeton University (1723-1794)

#3 John Peter Muhlenberg

an American clergyman, Continental Army soldier during the American Revolutionary War, he served in the United States House of Representatives and United States Senate from Pennsylvania; Founding father

#4 Charles Carrol

Signer of the Declaration of Independence who showed patriotism at the time of the Revolutionary War helping to pave the way for a greater acceptance of Catholics in the new nation

#5 Johnathan Trumball Sr.

the first person to serve as governor of state before and after Revolutionary War. During the American Revolution he was the only colonial governor who supported the American side ... from Connecticut

#6 Frances Willard

Became leader of the WCTU. She worked to educate people about the evils of alcohol. She urged laws banning the sale of liquor. Also worked to outlaw saloons as step towards strengthening democracy.

#7 Social Gospel

A movement in the late 1800s / early 1900s which emphasized charity and social responsibility as a means of salvation, taught religion and human dignity would help the middle class over come problems of industrialization

#8 Tin Pan Alley

is the name given to the collection of New York City-centered music publishers and songwriters who dominated the popular music of the United States in the late 1800's and early 1900's.

#9 Interstate Commerce Act

(GC) 1887, a law that made a federal Interstate Commerce Commission to regulate unfair railroad practices

#10 Alfred Thayer Mahan

US Admiral who encouraged the US to strengthen its naval power to become a world power.

#11 American Expeditionary Forces

the U.S. forces, led by Gen. John Pershing, who fought with the allies in Europe during WWI

#12 Eugenics

Emphasized that human inequalities were inherited and warned against breeding the "unfit" or "inferior"

#13 Clarance Darrow

Defended John Scopes in the "Scopes Trial" of the 1920s; supported teaching of evoulution

#14 Harlem Renaissance

A period in the 1920s when African-American achievements in art and music and literature flourished.

#15 Federal Reserve System

A national banking system, established in 1913, that controls the U.S. money supply and the availability of credit in the country.

#16 Bank Failures

After the stock market crash, many Americans proceeded to remove their money from the bank causing many banks to close., Bad bank loans drained cash out of peoples' savings accounts; depositors later demanded their cash, which banks no longer held, caused banks go bankrupt (fail)

#17 New Deal

A series of reforms enacted by the Franklin Roosevelt administration between 1933 and 1942 with the goal of ending the Great Depression.

#18 Court Packing

FDR plan to add up to six new justices to the nine member Supreme Court after the Court had ruled that some New Deal legislation was unconstitutional

#19 Neville Chamberlain

British statesman who as Prime Minister pursued a policy of appeasement toward fascist Germany (1869-1940)

#20 Omar Bradley

A general of the twentieth century. Bradley commanded the United States ground forces in the liberation of France and the invasion of Germany in World War II.