SPRAIN

Tavin Severino

Definition

A twist of a ligament of ( an ankle, wrist, or other joint violently so as to cause pain and swelling but not dislocation.

Symptoms

  • Swelling
  • Pain
  • Bruising
  • limited mobility
  • weakness in the sprained area

Difference between a sprain and a strain

Treatment

  • Rest
  • Stay of of the injured area
  • A splint or brace
  • Ice it
  • Elevation
  • Surgery (only in severe cases)

Prevention

  • Avoid exercising or playing sports when tired or in pain.
  • Eat a well-balanced diet to keep muscles strong.
  • Maintain a healthy weight.
  • Try to avoid falling (for example, put sand or salt on icy spots on your front steps or sidewalks).
  • Wear shoes that fit well.
  • Get new shoes if the heel wears down on one side.
  • Exercise every day.
  • Be in proper physical condition to play a sport.
  • Warm up and stretch before playing a sport.
  • Wear protective equipment when playing.
  • Run on flat surfaces.