Maybe Kissing Isn't the Best Idea…

About Infectious Mononucleosis

All About Viruses!

A virus' s structure is composed of 3 main parts: the outer protein coat called a capsid, DNA or RNA, and an enzyme. Viruses are known for infecting cells and using the cells to reproduce and create more viruses. They reproduce by attaching to a cell and injecting its DNA/RNA into the cell, where the cell will then be overcome with the virus's genetic material and begin to start making virus parts. The virus parts then become individual viruses that will eventually break free from the cell and go out to infect other cells, killing the cell in the process. Viruses are much, much smaller than average bacteria and animal cells, about the size of a nanometer (one millionth of a meter). They are not considered cells because they have no metabolism, they do not use cellular respiration, they do not eat, and they lack cellular structures.

Symptoms, Causes, Treatments, and More!

Infectious Mononucleosis (Mono) is a very contagious viral infection that is caused by the Epstein-Barr virus. The Epstein-Barr virus is known for often being dormant for long periods of time, so the symptoms of mono may come and go. There are many symptoms and tell-tale signs of mono, including: fatigue, a general feeling of u wellness, sore throat, fever, swollen lymph nodes in the neck, swollen, spotted white tonsils, headaches, skin rashes, and a soft, swollen spleen. It is spread through: person-to-person contact, sharing food or drinks, coughing/sneezing into the air, or coming into contact with an infected person's saliva. Very rarely is mono fatal, but if the infected person's spleen ruptures, the chances of death are highly likely is not treated immediately. Once you have mono, there is no known antiviral medication to kill the Epstein-Barr virus, so the only treatments available can only ease the discomfort that the symptoms bring. These treatments include: getting plenty of rest, drinking plenty of fluids, ibuprofen and acetaminophen to treat pain and fever, and (in the case of a sore throat) gargling warm water and salt. To prevent yourself from getting mono, do your best not to kiss and not to share food, drinks, or utensils.

Created by: Neil Haas and Sheridan White

The Many Symptoms of Mononucleosis in One Picture:

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