Taiga Biome or Boreal Forest Biome

By Chloe Barkow

Climate and Location

  • Only in Northern Hemisphere (Europe, Asia, and North America)
  • Generally snowy and cold in winter; warm and humid in summer.
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More Climate Facts

  • In winter, temperatures range between -65 to 30 degrees Fahrenheit.
  • In summer, temperatures range between 20 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit.

Description of Land

  • Covered in snow
  • Mostly compact forestation
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Human Impact

  • Humans destroy forest.
  • Humans also hunt wildlife.

Plants and Adaptations

  • Evergreens in the Taiga grow thin and close together to keep wind and cold out, they also have long, waxy needles and are shaped like an upside-down cone so snow can slide off of them easily.
  • Extremely prone to wildfires, so trees grow thick bark to adapt.
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Animals and Adaptions

  • Birds migrate here in summer to mate and nest.
  • Millions of insects live here in summer.
  • Year round, this biome has lynx, bobcats, wolves, minks, ermine, rabbits, squirrels, deer, elk, moose, and voles.
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Unique Facts

  • This is the largest biome in the world.
  • In the summertime, it can have up to 20 hours of daylight.
  • Boreal was the Greek Goddess of the North Winds

Extra Information

  • Arctic winds bring bitter cold.
  • 40 inches of precipitation a year.
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