The Great Depression & The New Deal


Opponents of the New Deal

  • Socialists and extreme liberals in the democratic party criticized the New Deal.
  • Those who attacked the New Deal for giving the federal government too much power charged that relief programs such as WPA and Wagner Act bordered on socialism or even communism.
  • Several critics used radio to reach a mass audience to propose simplistic schemes for ending "evil conspiracies"
  • President Roosevelt did not have an opportunity to appoint any justices to the Supreme Court during his first term.
The New Deal for Dummies: FDR's Alphabet Agencies -- US History Review

Rise of the Unions

  • The leader of the industrial unions ( Committee of Industrial Organizations ) was John L.Lewis, president of the United Mine Workers union.
  • Strikes were a frequent occurrence in the depression decade
  • Fair labor standards act included a min wage that was initially fixed at 40 cents an hour, a max workweek of 40 hours and time and a half for overtime, and child-labor restrictions on those under 16
The Rise of Unions!

Last Phase of the New Deal

  • From 1933 to 1937, the economy showed signs of gradually pulling out of its nosedive.
  • Beginning in 1938, fears about the aggressive acts of Nazi Germany diverted attention from domestic concerns toward foreign affairs.
APUSH: The Great Depression and the New Deal, Part 2

Life During the Depression

  • during the depression added stress were placed upon the family as unemployed fathers searched for work, and declining incomes presented severe challenges for mothers
  • A severe drought in the early 1930's ruined crops in the Great Plains.
  • African Americans unemployment rate was higher than the national average.
  • John Collier established conservation and CCC projects on reservations and gained Native American involvement in the WPA.
  • Mexican Americans also suffered from discriminatory practices in the 1930's
Stories from the Great Depression