Lyndon B. Johnson

1963-1969

Johnson in the Election of 1964

-Following Kennedy's assassination in Nov. 1963, Johnson is then sworn into oath as the next president of the United States

-Johnson has very large margin win over his republican opponent Barry Goldwater

-Democrats control most of congress with big win, leads the the "Great Society"


Popular Vote

Johnson- 43,127,041

Goldwater- 27,175,154


Electoral College

Johnson-486

Goldwater- 52

The Great Society

-A New Deal group of policies aimed towards improving the american way of living

-Educational aid to students rather than schools, to improve underprivileged youth performance

-Medicare initiated for the elderly and Medicaid set in place for poor Americans

-Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 doubled amount of immigrants coming into US, families allowed as well, shift to Asian rather than Latin immigrants

-24th Amendment and Voting Rights Act created to help blacks at the polls, stop literacy tests, poll taxes, but they were still not given full equality

-Department of Transportation and Department of Housing and Urban Development are created

- Conservatives unhappy due to thought of poverty unable to be resolved as democrats were accomplishing it

-congress increases funds to $2 billion for office of economic opportunity

Tonkin Gulf Resolution and Vietnam War

-Aug. 1964 US begins aiding South Vietnam in raids along coast of North Vietnam with navy ships

-Then air raid was ordered on North Vietnam, 2 ships hit considered unprovoked

-congress gives war declaration power to Johnson, Tonkin Gulf Resolution gave reason to declare war

-Feb. 1965 air raids on north Vietnam are initiated, after retaliation Operation Rolling Thunder begins with bombing raids on North Vietnam

- War became more the US fighting, South Vietnam not fighting or funding much of anything

-Great deal of domestic protest over war in Vietnam, majority by youth and college students

-Viet Cong invade 27 southern cities in the Tet Offensive, Viet Cong end in a defeat, but after this America wants to discuss immediate end to the now longest foreign soil war in US history

-Costs of war were up to $30 billion spent, not a good outcome for the United States

Civil Rights

-Civil Rights Act of 1964 bans social racial discrimination like theaters and schools

-increases power for government to terminate public segregation

-Equal Employment Opportunity Commission created to instill equality in hiring of jobs

-24th Amendment aimed to get rid of polling taxes to help blacks, but there was still resistance in south

- Voting Rights Act prevented literacy tests and placed a federal voting register in poll areas in south to help blacks receive proper suffrage

1968, A Watershed year...

-Robert Kennedy and Martin Luther King Jr. are both assassinated in 1968

-Vietnam war becomes unpopular, half a million Americans involved

-Election of 1968, republicans with Richard Nixon take the victory over democrat Hubert Humphrey

-War was forced to end in Vietnam after upwards of 100,000 casualties