Islam

The Muslim World

Muslims

Islam followers are called Muslims. There are many types of Muslims. The most common are Sunni and Shiite(Shia). Muslims have 6 main beliefs. The first belief is that Muslims should only believe in one god, and that god is Allah, and his Prophet is Muhammad. Muhammad is so revered that Muslims always mention the term pbuh after his name. Pbuh is Peace be upon him. The second belief is belief in angels. The third belief is belief in the holy book(Qu'ran). The fourth belief is the belief in prophets such as Muhammad. The fifth belief is the belief in the day of judgement, in which Allah decides whether a person goes to hell(Jahanam) or heaven(Jannah). The sixth belief is the belief of predestination, that Allah has already decided what will happen. Muslims believe that this doesn't stop human beings from making free choices. Muslims have 5 pillars of faith. The first pillar is Shahadah, or the belief in Allah. The second pillar is Salah, or prayer. They must pray 5 times a day, at morning, noon, mid-afternoon, sunset, and night. The third pillar is Zakat, or charity. Muslims must give 2.5% of their earnings to charity. The 4th pillar is Sawm, or fasting. They must fast during daytime hours of the month of Ramadan. The fifth and last pillar is Hajj, or pilgrimage to Mecca. Muslims try to make this pilgrimage at least once. Muslims must go to the mosque on Friday evenings. The place of worship is called a mosque. Inside a mosque, there are no photos or idols. The place of prayer is decorated with Qu'ranic verses. The worship leader is called the Imam. Other important people in a mosque are the muezzein(leads call to prayer) and the mullah(teacher). The holy book is called the Qu'ran or Koran. In the Qu'ran, there are 114 surahs(chapters) and 6,236 ayat(verses). Sometimes, the number of verses is said to be 6,666. The main holiday is Ramadan. Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic year. The Muslims will fast during daylight hours. They will then pray and break the fast after sunset(maghrib). The end of Ramadan is called Eid-ul-Fitr. 70 days after Eid-ul-Fitr, a festival called Eid-ul-Adha occurs. This festival is the festival of sacrifice, when Prophet Abraham is sacrificing his son to show his loyalty to Allah. This marks the end of the Hajj, the annual pilgrimage. This takes place on the tenth day of Dhu Al-Hijja, the last month of the Islamic year. Another common festival is Al-Hijra, the day Muhammad left Mecca to go to Medina. This day is the Islamic New Year also. The three holiest sites in Islam are Mecca, in western Saudi Arabia, Medina in northwestern Saudi Arabia, and Jerusalem in eastern Israel.

View of God

Islam is a monotheistic religion. Its god's name is Allah, which is literally translated to God.

Common Figure

The common figure in Islam, Judaism, and Christianity is Abraham, but the main figure of Islam is Muhammad.