ELA Terms To Know

By: Katelynn Hernandez Period 2

Connotation & Denotation

Connotation & Denotation

Connotation is the suggesting of an additional meaning for a word or expression, apart from its explicit meaning.

Denotation is the direct meaning of a word, that is distinguished from the ideas or meanings associated with the original word


Connotation (example): Sarah loved the warm, welcoming, relaxing smell of her house.

Denotation (example): Sarah loved the smell of her house.

How To Remember These Terms

Connotation can be remembered by "C(ommon)." When you use a connotation you are using words that are in common with the original word.

Denotation can be remembered by "D(irect)." When you use a denotation you are using the direct of the word. There are no synonyms or adjectives being used.

Different Points Of View

Different Points Of Views

The First Person point of view includes the narrator in the story being told.

The Second Person point of view makes the reader feel like they are the main character. The descriptions in second person point of view are based on what you would see if you were in the situation.

The Third Person Limited point of view is the view of one character throughout the whole story.

The Third Person Omniscient point of view does not include the narrator at all the whole story but knows all of the characters thoughts and feelings.

Examples Of The Different Points Of View

First Person (example): I was walking down the street when all of a sudden Megan ran into me.

Second Person (example): You didn't have to pretend like I was invisible. I was walking right next to you. There was no reason for you to run into me.

Third Person Limited (example): Mariana didn't like Jason, she felt that he was purposely trying to ruin her painting.

Third Person Omniscient (example): Jason wasn't trying to ruin Mariana's painting, but he's just really clumsy. But no matter how many times Jason tried to apologize Mariana would just ignore him.

How To Remember The Different Points Of View

A way to remember the First Person point of view is by thinking of yourself. You are #1.

A way to remember the Second Person point of view is by thinking of...

A way to remember the Third Person Limited by thinking

Simile & Metaphors

Simile's & Metaphor's

Simile: A simile is comparing two to each other, using the words like or as.

Metaphor: A metaphor is comparing two things using other words to describe the objects

Examples Of Simile's & Metaphor's

Simile's: She liked to live everyday like it would be her last.

Metaphor's: Her hair was chocolate brown.

How To Remember What Simile's & Metaphor's Are

Simile's: You can remember what a Simile is by looking for the key words "Like and as" these words are always in a simile when the writer is comparing things.

Metaphor's: A way you can remember what a metaphor is, is just by thinking about a simile without using like or as.

Types Of Poetry

Types Of Poetry

Lyric Poem: A lyric poem is a poem that expresses the poet's thoughts and feelings in the poem directly to the reader.

Epic Poem: An Epic poem is a poem that is usually quite lengthy and retells a heroic story of a single persons journey.

Narrative Poem: A narrative poem is a poem that tells a story. It can be about anything just as long as it tells a story.

Example Of A Lyric Poem

James DeFord

Italian Sonnet by James DeFord, written in 1997:

Turn back the heart you've turned awayGive back your kissing breathLeave not my love as you have leftThe broken hearts of yesterdayBut wait, be still, don't lose this wayAffection now, for what you guessMay be something more, could be lessAccept my love, live for today.

Example Of A Epic Poem

The Odyssey Homer

Epics are too lengthy but this Epic Poem told a story of a Greek man trying to reach his kingdom.

Example Of A Narrative Poem

The Snowman

There once was a very happy snowman
who was loved by all the boys and girls.
He would watch them run and play
with each passing day.

One day the sun was so bright
the snowman knew it wasn't quite right.
He hoped with each day
that he would not melt away
if only he could make it until night.

As the days became warmer and warmer
the snowman knew he was in danger.
He said his good-byes
and looked in their eyes
and said, "I promise I'll see you again."

The next snowy day
the children all came out to play.
They worked for hours together
to bring their friend back to them.

Before the days end
they all had their friend.
The happy snowman joined them
once again.

How To Remember The Different Types Of Poetry

A way I remember what a Lyric Poem is, is I think of lyrics to a song and how most artists write their songs about their feeling, so I just think of feeling when I hear Lyric Poem.

A way I remember what an Epic poem is, is by thinking of the movie Epic. It was a crazy adventure and I just think of all the action and the story line. So when I heat Epic Poem, I think of a story of an adventurous moment.

A way I remember what a Narrative Poem is, is by thinking of a narrator. A narrator tells a story, and in a Narrative poem the poet is telling the reader a story.

Common Place Assertions, Opinion, and Fact

Commonplace Assertions, Opinions, and Facts

Commonplace Assertion: A Commonplace assertion is a statement that majority of the people say, but can't really be proven with facts.

Opinion: An Opinion is one person's thoughts on a certain topic.

Fact: A Fact is a statement that can be proven to be true with evidence.

Examples Of Commonplace Assertions, Opinions, and Facts

Commonplace Assertion: "Milk is good for you."

Opinion: "Her singing was horrible."

Fact: "The sky is blue."

Ways To Remember These Terms

I remember what a commonplace assertion is by thinking of the word assume. When I hear assertion I think of the word "assume." If enough people begin to say something people will begin to "assume" it is true.

A way I remember what an opinion is, is by the "O" in opinion. The "O" would stand for One persons thoughts on a subject.

A fact is.... a fact. F can stand for "for real."