Reading in Mrs. Trant's 2nd Grade

Asking Questions and Making Connections

Reading is Thinking!

  • Before reading ~ look at the cover of the book~ ask yourself what you think this book will be about. What made you think that?
  • During Reading ~ think about the five W's, who, what, where, when, and why. Ask yourself why the author is telling you some details. Write down some of your questions.
  • After Reading ~ did you get answers to all your questions? Do you still have some questions about the story? What else do you want to ask the author if you could?
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Before Reading ~Ask yourself

"What clues does the title give me about the story?"
"Is this a real or imaginary story?"
"Why am I reading this?"
"What do I already know about___?"
"What predictions can I make?"


Great links for parents :

Reading Comprehension: Tips and Strategies for Parents

During Reading~ Think and Write questions you have about your reading

"What do I understand from what I just read?"
"What is the main idea?"
"What picture is the author painting in my head?"
"Do I need to reread so that I understand?" (
Tutoring Tips: Reading Comprehension Strategies

After Reading~ Were all of your questions answered? Do you still have some questions?

"Which of my predictions were right? What information from the text tells me that I am correct?"

"What were the main ideas?"
"What connections can I make to the text? How do I feel about it?" (

Have Fun and Let the Adventures Begin!

Making Connections ~ Using your SCHEMA

  • Text-to-self
  • Text-to-text
  • Text-to-world


Schema theory explains how our previous experiences, knowledge, emotions, and understandings affect what and how we learn (Harvey & Goudvis, 2000). Schema is the background knowledge and experience readers bring to the text. Good readers draw on prior knowledge and experience to help them understand what they are reading and are thus able to use that knowledge to make connections. Struggling readers often move directly through a text without stopping to consider whether the text makes sense based on their own background knowledge, or whether their knowledge can be used to help them understand confusing or challenging materials. By teaching students how to connect to text they are able to better understand what they are reading (Harvey & Goudvis, 2000). Accessing prior knowledge and experiences is a good starting place when teaching strategies because every student has experiences, knowledge, opinions, and emotions that they can draw upon.

From the Florida Online Reading Professional Development site:

Story Mapping (September 2004)

(Developed by Zygouris-Coe, V. & Glass, C., 2004)

Knowing What You Know: Schema Theory
Text-to-Self Connections
Text-to-Text Connections
Text-to-World Connections

Katherine Trant, Second Grade Teacher

I hope you find this web page useful and informative. A tool to assist you and your child in your reading enjoyment.

I have been a teacher for over 20 years at Dawson Elementary. I have four children and I know life can get busy! Please take some time to sit and read with your child each day. Time is passing quickly, these little people grow up too fast!

Enjoy the adventures books can take you on together!

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