Amendment 1: Freedoms of the People
What it says: Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.
In other words it gave the American population freedom of speech, religion, assembly, and press. There is some excepts however, such as when it says there is freedom of press. When it says freedom of press it has to be not libel or slanderous and not defamation. Read more about this amendment below.