Spanish- American War

By: Nat McCabe

Section 2

In Cuba there was a lot of fighting. Things were not equal and they rebeled. They had a lot of independence problems and Cubans did not like that. They blamed the Spanish for these problems and decided to go to war with them. They participated in Gurellia warfare, launching surprise attacks. To eliminate support for the rebels they were put into reconstruction camps. These overcrowd prison camps provided little food or shelter, causing thousands to die from starvation, disease, and infection. Mass media let the world know what was going in in the war. I think that mass media was a good way to get people involved in what was happening.
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Section 3

On February 9, 1898, Hearst's New York Journal published a letter written by Enrique Dupuy de Lôme, the Spanish ambassador to Washington. The de Lôme letter was addressed to a friend in Cuba but was somehow stolen from the mail and sent to the Journal for publication. In the letter, de Lôme called President McKinley "weak and catering to the rabble and, besides, a low politician." Americans were offended by this criticism of their president. De Lôme offered his resignation, but the damage was done. The publishing of this letter intensified anti-Spanish feelings in the United States and underscored the power of the press to inflame public opinion.

Not long after the de Lôme affair, a much more alarming incident occurred: the sinking of the battleship USS Maine in Havana harbor. Newspapers around the country responded with calls for vengeance.The Maine had sailed to Cuba in January after riots broke out in the streets of Havana. Spaniards who opposed government reforms in Cuba led the riots. Fearing harm to American citizens and property, President McKinley had sent the Maine to Cuba to protect American interests.

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Section 4

I am here at the battlefront of the Spanish- American war and thinks are getting rough. Even though the war was sparked by problems in Cuba, the first battle took place much farther away, in the Philippines. A large group of islands southeast of China, the Philippines were Spain's largest remaining colony. As in Cuba, a revolt against Spain had been brewing. Emilio Aguinaldo, a young Filipino, led this resistance. When the Spanish-American War began, he was living in exile in Hong Kong.Meanwhile, fighting had begun in Cuba. The U.S. Navy quickly set up a blockade of Havana and the north coast of Cuba. At the eastern end of the island, however, a Spanish squadron slipped into the harbor at Santiago de Cuba.President McKinley ordered troops to sail for Santiago. The plan was to join the navy there and engage the Spanish. The American troops, led by General William Shafter, arrived outside Santiago on June 20.

The U.S. Army in Cuba consisted of various forces. Among them were four regiments of African American soldiers, many of whom had fought in the Indian Wars in the American West. The army also relied on volunteer regiments, including one led by Theodore Roosevelt. When the war began, Roosevelt quit his post as assistant secretary of the navy so that he could join the fighting. Together with Colonel Leonard Wood, he helped form the First U.S. Volunteer Cavalry, better known as the rough riders. Handpicked by Roosevelt, this regiment was a mix of college athletes and western cowboys. General Shafter launched his assault on Santiago, moving against Spanish troops dug in along a ridge. Roosevelt and the Rough Riders charged up Kettle Hill, while other U.S. forces fought the even tougher battle for San Juan Hill. By nightfall, the U.S. Army had taken the ridge.

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Section 5

The picture below is hard to understand unless you know what is going on. Let me explain for you.

Leading opponents were the members of the Anti-Imperialist League an organization formed during the war to oppose the establishment of U.S. colonies. Its membership was diverse, ranging from union leader Samuel Gompers to millionaire industrialist Andrew Carnegie. Social worker Jane Addams joined, as did author Mark Twain. Although the motives and political views of league members varied widely, they all believed that imperialism violated the country's founding principles of freedom and democracy. These provisions, called the Platt Amendment allowed the United States to intervene in Cuban affairs and to buy or lease land for naval bases. In the years to come, U.S. troops reoccupied Cuba on several occasions.

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