Step 1: Interphase
This is the part of the cell in which it is not dividing. This also is the longest process and is what is happening 80-85 percent of the time. All DNA and organelles are being copied. The cell doubles in size. It includes all of the organelles present below. Which are centrioles, spindle fibers, DNA, and the nucleus and nuclear membrane.
Step 2: Prophase (Mitosis begins)
In the nucleus of the cell where DNA forms chromosomes. The nuclear membrane disappears. The organelles present are the centrioles, spindle fibers, DNA, and the nuclear membrane is disappearing so the insides of the nucleus is just floating in the cytoplasm.
Step 3: Metaphase
Chromosomes line up in the middle of the cell and spindle fibers from centrioles attach to chromosomes. The organelles that are present are the centrioles, spindle fibers, DNA also known as chromosomes, and the nucleus insides are still floating in the cytoplasm with the other organelles.
Step 4: Anaphase
Chromosomes separate. Each half is pulled to an opposite end of the cell. The organelles that are present are the same ones as before which are centrioles, spindle fibers, chromosomes, and the nucleus is still in the cytoplasm with all of the other organelles.
Step 5: Telophase (Mitosis Ends)
A new nuclear membrane is formed around each of the chromosomes also known as DNA. Mitosis is finally over so that means that the DNA is equally divided. The organelles that are present are the same as step one.
Step 6: Cytokinesis
The parent cell's cytoplasm is divided between the two daughter cells. Which means that the cell is pinched in two. The organelles present are centrioles, spindle fibers, DNA or chromosomes, nucleus, and the nuclear membrane.
The Result of The Cell Cycle
-The two daughter cells are completely separated.
-Each daughter cell has half of the parents cytoplasm.
-Each daughter cell is exactly like the parent cell just smaller.
-Each daughter cell will go through growth so it can eventually get to the full growth.