Birth Control & The Adolencent
Controlling Ovulation Since The Early 1900's
"Various Birth Control Pill Brands." Best Pregnancy Tips. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Oct. 2013.
A Not So Breif History
Methods for the prevention of pregnancy has grown in the last thousands of years. Prior to any devolved methods for protection of birth, the female could only rely on the male for withdrawal to prevent pregnancies. Other methods, if this did not service, included an infanticide and abortion. The first recorded tool used for birth control was condoms made out of things like fish bladder, linen sheaths and animal intestines in 3000 B.C. The first spermicide was introduced in the 1500 by soaking the previously used linen sheaths in a chemical solution before insertion use. In 1839, the first condoms and diaphragms where made from a vulcanized rubber. Upon continuing on in this new age of development, the government became more on top of birth control. In 1873, in the United States, the Comstock Act was passed that prohibited birth control advertisement, information and distribution in the mail. One significant figure throughout the birth control development era was Margret Sanger. In 1916, Sanger open the first birth control clinic in America. That following year, she was found guilty of “maintaining a public nescience” and sentenced to a term of 30 years in jail. Open her release , Spanger re-opened her clinic and continued with her practice despite many arrest and oppression. The Comstock Act was lifted in 1939 in a case involving Margaret Spanger. The federal ban was now lifted on birth control and diaphragms became a popular method of pregnancy prevention. Together in 1950 Margaret Spanger, with the help of Frank Colton and $150,000, developed the first oral contraceptive birth control, Enovid, was marketed in the United States. Fifteen years later in 1965, a case known as Griswold vs. Connecticut arose which made the right to use a contraceptive method a right that the Constitution protected under privacy. This hindered millions of women in 26 states from receiving birth control. Feminist in the late 1960’s had concerns about health prone problems and side effects of the pill which lead to more considerable conversion of the contraceptive. Irrespective of marriage status, in 1972 in a supreme court the Supreme Court case of Baird vs. Eisentadt, birth control pills became legal for all citizens. IUD’s in 1975, were taken off the market when the realization of infertility from them appeared. Further on from the 1980’s to the early 2000’s, hormonal pills implants became a very popular. The pill even had a low dosage configuration. Early contraceptives became widely available and female condoms were even introduced. Today, the pill is still under construction, having to deal with different side effects and bad hormonal changes during the intake. On the contrary, the pill is one of the most reliable methods of birth control prevention.
"Women’s Studies: An Abridged History of Western Birth Control." Undersnacks...N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Oct. 2013.
"Multi-Millionaire GOP Rep. Diane Black: Avert Shutdown By Repealing Birth Control Coverage." N.p., 11 Oct. 2013. Web. 30 Oct. 2013
BIRTHCONTROL & FAMILY
Prior to the 1930's most denominations of Christians Chuches oppsed conterceptive use. They saw it as a way of promoting premiscuality and conducting the sin of fornication. Churches today are a little more lineient.
Health Care providers for the family are advised to bring up issues of birth control and conterceptives when speaking with adolencent patients. Pediatritions are advised to, when talking about the issue of sex, be understanding, so the teen can have confidence and confidentially in who they are speaking to. This is why some researchers believe the pregnancy rate is so high: teens are having more actions than conversation about the matter. By family doctors, teenagers are advised to take a pledge for adolescence but those already engaged are consoled on STD's and different contraceptive methods to prevent pregnancy. When dealing inside the family, a health care provider does not have to contact the parent if the child is on the same insurance as them when obtaining birth control pills. But sometimes,depending on price and coverage, the insurance company will contact parents. If they are not on the same plan, or participate in a open health insurance program,parents do not have to be contacted in obtaining.
"Contraception and Adolescents." Contraception and Adolescents. N.p., 2013. Web. 30 Oct. 2013.
BIRTHCONTROL & SCHOOLS
Guidelines have become more restricted about teaching sex in school. Most programs like Abstinence Only Until Marriage are prohibited from talking about contraceptives and, if they do, it only consist of the failure rate. It is said that did restricted teaching criteria makes teenagers unprepared for their future reproductive decisions. On controversial topic was the school dispense of emergency contraceptives ( Plan B, The Day After) to High School students. While some universities do have on campus vending machines for this prevention method, some high schools were giving these pills to students with out parental consent. It is said that thee types of pills are starting to become more of an "abortion pill" than Emergency Contraceptives.
Sedgwick, Jacqueline. "American Adolescents and Emergency Contraceptive Pill Access." Age of Consent. Ed. Christine Watkins. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2013. At Issue. Rpt. from "American Adolescents and Emergency Contraceptive Pill Access: Moving Beyond Politics." http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/719371. 2010. Opposing Viewpoints In Context. Web. 30 Oct. 2013