Rules of Glossing


Top and Bottom Lines

The top line is where you acknowledge facial expression and NMS.
The bottom line is where you write the actual signs.


t = topic
time = time
Underline your top line commentary.


WH questions are written with "whQ" on the top line, while yes/no questions are written with just a "Q" on the top line. ALL question words/phrases come at the end of a sentence.

Fingerspelling & Deixis

fs: (insert word to be fingerspelled in CAPS)

ix: (insert he, she, it, or they in lower case)

Negatives & Classifiers

Gloss the headshake that goes along with a negative sign in the top line, and use a hyphen to connect the words of a combined sign.

cl: (handshape used > action of hand)