THE GOOD AND THE BAD BY SOFIA TAFICH
Officially the Republic of Nicaragua, Nicaragua is the largest country in the Central American isthmus. It was a multi-ethnic population of 6 million that includes indigenous peoples, Europeans, Africans, Asians. The main language is Spanish, but native tribes on the eastern coast speak their own languages. Their breath-taking beaches, landscapes, and volcanoes, the significant amount of biodiversity, and its culture makes Nicaragua a very popular tourist attraction.
ISLETAS DE GRANADA
The beauty of Nicaragua is pretty popular amongst tourists, so it's no surprise one would want to visit this country.
MUKUL: EMERALD COAST
Their beaches are literally paradise. I really don't think there are words to make this justice. Everything is tropical and green, with beautiful beaches, which is what anyone looking for an escape vacation looks for.
The active volcanoes also makes Nicaragua a popular tourist attraction.
ISLETAS DE GRANADA
MUKUL: EMERALD COAST
- Nicaragua has a presidential representative democratic republic. They know what it's like to have an authoritarian family dictatorship (1936-1979) thanks to the Somoza family, so the country is settled for a democracy.
- The President of Nicaragua is both head of state and head of government
- Daniel Ortega (since 2006)
- Multi-party system
- Executive power is exercised by the government
- Between 2007 and 2009, Nicaragua's major political parties discussed the possibility of going from a presidential system to a parliamentary system.
- Reason: To find a legal way for President Ortega to stay in power after January 2012. This is a clear threat to Nicaraguan democracy.
- Ortega was re-elected president with a vote on November 6 and confirmation on November 16, 2011.
- In January 2014 the National Assembly, dominated by the FSLN, approved constitutional amendments that abolished term limits for the presidency and allowed a president to run for an unlimited number of five-year terms.
- National Assembly just approved changes to the constitution allowing President Daniel Ortega to run for a third successive term in 2016.
President of Nicaragua since 2007. Previously he was leader of Nicaragua from 1979 to 1990, first as Coordinator of the Junta of National Reconstruction (1979–1985) and then as President (1985–1990). A leader in the socialist Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional (FSLN), his policies in government have seen the implementation of leftist reforms across Nicaragua.
Vice president of Nicaragua since January 2012. Served as Commander in Chief of the Nicaraguan Armed Forces from 2005 until his retirement from military life in 2010. In 2011, the FSL nominated him as Ortega's running mate. Ortega was reelected that year.
Three of the Somozas served as President of Nicaragua:
The Somoza family went beyond their presidencies, as they were the power behind the other presidents of the time through their control of the National Guard up until 1979.
TRADITIONS & CUSTOMS
- Strong folklore, music and religious traditions, deeply influenced by European culture but also including Amerindian sounds and flavors.
- Most celebrated event is Nicaragua’s independence. The celebration lasts the entire month of September and is filled with music, dancing and food.
- There are plentiful amounts of unique, local dishes from all different regions of the country.
- Citizens of Nicaragua are known for their high value of family. As a result of the Roman Catholic influence, families are frequently large.
- Nicaragua is rich in musical and religious traditions, many of which derive from the strong Spanish influence beginning in the sixteenth century.
ROLE OF WOMEN
- Lives of Nicaraguan women are shaped by traditional Hispanic values regarding appropriate sex roles and high fertility, the prevalence of female-headed households, and an increasing rate of participation in the labor force.
- Machista culture is destroying men, women, and families.
- 40% of household in Nicaragua are now sustained by women alone.
- Talk to any working woman in Nicaragua about their families and you will soon hear stories of abandonment, betrayal and loss in their personal lives, or in the lives of those close to them.
- Father is absent in 34% of urban homes, 60% in Managua (the countries one large city) according to a report by the country’s office of Family Protection and Counselling.
- According to the Family and Fertility Bulletin, 38.28% of women in Nicaragua become sexually active between 14 and 16 years of age, and 72.72% between 17 and 19.
- Basically, 25% of women under 20 have children, one of the highest teen pregnancy rates in the world.
“...in Nicaragua, when a man divorces his wife, he also divorces his children.” - Maria Jose Moran
FREEDOM OF SPEECH AND PRESS/MEDIA
Independent media is active and expresses a variety of views. The government, however, sought to restrict media freedom through harassment, censorship, and use of national security justifications. Private individuals sympathetic to the government also harassed the media for criticising the government.
TORTURE AND OTHER CRUEL, INHUMAN, OR DEGRADING TREATMENT OR PUNISHMENT
- It restricts abortion even in cases of rape, incest or life-threatening pregnancy, and this all violates international human rights standards and poses a grave risk to women. The president, Daniel Ortega, whole heartedly agreed with this.