Swedish Immigration to Texas
How did they get here?
Pull Factors to Texas
Many Swedes wanted to come to Texas for a new beginning. The soil was rich, and the land was good for grazing. Most Swedish Settlements were rural, which gave them land, but near urban areas, for trading. In 1880, there were 364 Swedes in Texas. By 1900, there were over 4,000 Swedish people here. Texas had the most Swedes of any state. Swante Magnus Swenson, a Swedish man, offered to pay for travel expenses of other Swedes immigrating to Texas. This was a pull factor because this made the trip to Texas absolutely free. When the first immigrants came, they were more likely to settle in a rural area, but as time went on more Swedish families settled in cities like Austin, Dallas, Ft. Worth, and Waco.
Did You Know?
♢Most Swedes came to Texas between the years of 1848 and 1910.
♢87% of Swedes are Lutheran.
♢On Swante Magnus Swenson's first trip back to Sweden, only 25 people came back to Texas with him.
♢The majority of Christian Swedes who aren't Lutheran are Methodist.
Fehrenbach, T. R. Lone Star: The Story of Texas. Needham, MA: Prentice Hall, 2003. Print.
"Narrative Texts: Swedish Texans." Utexas.edu. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Feb. 2013. <http://www.utexas.edu/gtc/assets/pdfs/GTC_swedishtexans.pdf>.
Sweden Flag. Digital image. , Flag of Sweden. World Maps, 13 Dec. 2012. Web. 11 Feb. 2013. <http://www.mapsofworld.com/flags/sweden-flag.html>.
MAP OF TEXAS. Digital image. Map of Texas. World Atlas, n.d. Web. 11 Feb. 2013. <http://www.worldatlas.com/webimage/countrys/namerica/usstates/tx.htm>.
Art Leatherwood, "SWEDES," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/pts01), accessed February 12, 2013. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
"Sweden - Language, Culture, Customs and Etiquette." Kwintessintial.com. Kwintessential, n.d. Web. 12 Feb. 2013. <http://www.kwintessential.co.uk/resources/global-etiquette/sweden.html>.
"Lutheran Symbols and Crosses." Lutheransonline.com. Lutherans Online, n.d. Web. 12 Feb. 2013.
Culture Group: Swedish
GT TX History