Anglo-Saxon Period



  • In 596, missionaries attempted to convert the Anglo-Saxons to Christianity.
  • By the year 650, a great deal of England was christian, a few by name.
  • May appeared to be heavy believers in God, but held on to their pagan beliefs and traditions

The First Crusade

  • In the middle of the 11th century, the Turks took over Jerusalem, which was regarded by Christians as a Holy city.
  • Pope Urban II called for a crusade to recover this and other holy places for Christianity, and promised all who fought, "the reward of imperishable glory in the kingdom of heaven"
  • This was just the First, of many crusades that Christians launched against Muslims in the 12th and 13th century

Peasants Revolt (Tylers Rebellion)

  • In late 14th century, King Richard II instituted a tax to pay for the war with France.
  • Laborers resented the tax, along with many other laws
  • Walter Tyler, former soldier, organized a revolt
  • Armed villagers and townspeople attacked manors and religious houses making their way to a bloody assault on London on June 13, 1381
  • Even though the rebels forced the king to repeal the tax, the rebellion was crushed when the mayor of London had Tyler killed on June 15


  • In the fifteenth century, noble women wore pointed headdresses
  • sometimes men wore liripipes. (Hoods with long pointed back)
  • Men wore shoes with pointed toes that had to be tied back to their ankle to aviod tripping
  • children were viewed as "mini" adults, and dressed accordingly.
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Arts and Entertainment

  • The first English cathedral was built in canterbury between 1070 and 1180.
  • Cathedrals were artistic masterpieces created by the most talented architects, masons, artist, and craftspeople of the time to celebrate the glory of God.
  • Knights provided sport and entertainment for others by participating in showy tournaments
  • This gave them a chance to practice their fighting, and show off
  • People enjoyed watching the performances of buffoons, jugglers, acrobats, storytellers, minstrels, and musicians.
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