Nonfiction Literary Terms

IDEA

1. Objective

not influenced by personal feelings or opinions in considering and representing facts

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SENTENCE----I tried to remain objective but I'm forced to admit, the assemblage made me feel a tad tetchy.

actually tree, rather then a painting of a tree

2. Subjective

based on or influenced by personal feelings, tastes, or opinions

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SENTENCE-- That may be a mere subjective fancy.

when someone thinks purple is the best color

3. Bias

prejudice in favor of or against one thing, person, or group compared with another

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SENTENCE--- Every bowl must have a certain amount of bias, which was formerly obtained by loading one side with lead, but is now imparted by the turner making one side more convex than the other, the bulge showing the side of the bias.

example-- fold in a fabric dinner napkin.

4. Credible/ Valid

believable/ having a sound basis in logic or fact

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SENTENCE-- We were assured any calls received would be deemed highly credible and prompt action taken.

examples-- The actor proved to be a credible singer in his first musical role.

5. Counterargument

argument or reasoning put forward to oppose an idea or theory developed in another argument

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SENTENCE-- Madison, Jefferson and Randolph were consulted by Washington, and they advised him not to sign the bill providing for the Bank, but Hamilton's counterargument was successful.

examples-- people needs guns to protect themselves against intruders and the govnerment

6. Fallacy

a mistaken belief, esp. one based on unsound argument

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SENTENCE-- By the lastnamed he finally exploded a fallacy which had up to that time vitiated the chronology of contemporary Egyptologists.

examples--erroneous argument dependent upon an unsound or illogical contention

7. Tone

the general attitude of a piece of writing

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SENTENCE- His expression and tone were anything but understanding

Examples:: set by setting

8. Theme

an idea that pervades a work of literature

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SENTENCE-hey decided on an ark theme and found some wallpaper with cartoon animals and arks on it.

Examples- the main idea

9. Point of view

a particular attitude or way of considering a matter

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SENTENCE- At some point, that stopped bugging her and became an attraction.

Examples-- i believe or i think

10. Emotional Appeal

attempt to persuade the reader through and appeal to emotions, morals, or values

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SENTENCE-i I try to emotional appeal to her.

Example- If you care about your children's success in school you will buy these Encyclopedias, that is unless you dont want them to be successful in the future."

11. logical appear

attempt to persuade the reader based on statistics and facts; reasoning

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SENTENCE-I was the logical candidate as both women had children needing attention.

Example- claim

12. Rhetorical Question

asked in order to produce an effect or to make a statement rather than to elicit information

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SENTENCE- The whole concludes with a rhetorical description of the occurrences of the Second Advent.

Example - is like expecting an answer