How the federal court system works
equal justice for all
* All of who is accused is innocent till proven guilty (decided by judge or jury)
rights of the accused
The goal is legal justice under the law
Jurisdiction is when the court decides cases. The constitution gives the courts over 8 kind of cases. The federal courts hear cases that involves violations of the federal laws.
federal court cases
If the U.S. Government sues someone or vise versa then the federal court hears the case. The Federal court also looks at U.S. diplomats.
there are 2 types of jurisdiction
Exclusive Jurisdiction and Concurrent Jurisdiction.
Concurrent Jurisdictions is when the federal shares Jurisdiction only under certain circumstances like state laws.
federal court cases
vocabulary & examples
Original & Appellate jurisdiction is the authority of a court to provide the first hearing of a specific case. Example :The two recent examples of Original Jurisdiction is Louisiana V. Mississippi (decided in October 1995) and Nebraska V. & Wyoming (decided in May 1995). Appellate Jurisdiction is the power of a court to review decisions and change outcomes of decisions of lower courts. Most appellate jurisdiction is legislatively created, and may consist of appeals by leave of theappellate court or by right.
district court & court appeal
Examples of District and Court of Appeal: For example, the United States Court of appeal for 11th circuit handles cases from the states of Alabama, Florida, and Georgia.
Example of District Court: The formal name of a district court is "the United States District Court for" the name of the district an example is United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri.
The U.S. Attorney have a lot of roles and power they Represent the Unites States in civil cases involving the Government. They also Present their claim to the court and they also have the ability to prosecute people accused of breaking the law. The U.S. Marshall make arrest and take convicted people to prison. Their are qualifications to become a U.S Marshal. The Magistrate Judge Decides someones fate they also determine rather the case should go to trial. The Committee will search for a Precedent to help it determine the next course of action.
vocabulary continued ...
The year 1848 a Whig member of the state senate from 1849 to 1853 was United States marshal for Massachusetts. In which capacity he was called upon in 1851 to remand the fugitive slave, Thomas Sims, to slavery.