Carbohydrates

By:Akshaya K. and Bhavana K.

Monomer-Monosaccharide

Single sugar molecules are called monosaccharides. They contain glucose along with galactose and fructose.

Polymer-Polysaccharides

Many animals store excess sugar in a polysaccharide called glycogen, or animal starch.


Examples of Carbohydrates

Functional Groups Found in Carbohydrates

Hydroxyl and the Carbonyl are found in carbohydrates.


Common Functions

  • Providing energy
  • Regulating blood glucose
  • Sparing the use of proteins for energy
  • Breakdown of fatty acids
  • Preventing Ketosis
  • Biological recognition process
  • Source of Dietary fibers.

Structure

Strong bonds are needed in its structure for all of the functions to be carried by carbohydrates.