Temperate Deciduous Forest

By: Daniel DeBuys


Temperate deciduous forests can be found in many locations such as the eastern half of north America,and in the middle of Europe. Some of the most major locations are southwest Russia, Japan, and eastern China. Other areas in the southern hemisphere are southern Chile, the Middle East coast of Paraguay, New Zealand, and southeastern Australia. The average temperature of the forests is around 50 degrees, and the average rainfall is approximately 30 to 60 inches per year.


Just like above the average temperature of the forests is around 50 degrees, and the average rainfall is approximately 30 to 60 inches per year.There are four seasonal changes, just like in Georgia there's Spring, Summer, Fall, and Winter.

Plant Life

There are five zones that separate each section of the forest. the first section of the forest is the Tree Stratum zone, it contains trees such as oak, beech, maple, elm, walnut, and sweet gum trees. The second zone is the small tree and sapling zone it contains a majority of young and short trees. The third zone is the shrub zone. the fourth is the herb zone, it contains contains small plants such as a herbal plant. Last but not least, the final zone is the Ground zone. the ground zone contains lichen, club mosses, and true mosses. How the plant life adapts to the environment by lean toward the sunlight, another way they adapted is they soak up the available nutrients from, the ground.


the animal life is just like any forest you camp or hike in,there are variations of Cardinals, deer, fox, frogs, ducks, rabbit, and the legendary turkey. Most of the animals adapt to their climate by hibernating, like the fox,rabbit, deer, and bear. During the season changes, herbivores like a deer will have to eat plants and if they traveled to a different region of the forest they would possibly find a plant or shrub that is unfamiliar and they adapt by trying new foods. there are many variations of predator and prey relationships and some are like when a deer is hunted by a a bear or a wolf, a owl preying on a helpless squirrel, a bear walking upstream to catch one of its favorite foods, the salmon, and finally a frog hopping along a tree branch and catching some bugs for a late night snack. When you see a documentation of a bear hunting a deer, and it leaves left overs, that can become food for a wolf or lynx. Also when a pack of wolves hunt their prey, they will make a plan on the most effective ways to take out their target. How a dog and a cat compete for a couch or water supply, some carnivores compete daily to survive, like a cougar hunting a bunny, the lynx will go after the same animal. Also when an owl is about to make a kill, a raccoon could be going after the same prey.

Fun Facts

Many of trees in the forest contain sap that helps the roots to not freeze during the harsh winters. The forest is a biome that is always changing. There are very few species of original trees left in Europe because many have been removed for agriculture. In the past 4000 years, China has been clearing the natural trees and most of the forests are man-made.

Ecological Concerns

Humans are a major part in destroying these forests, the large consumption of gas is causing large amounts of air pollution to circulate around many areas in the world. Another major threat to the biome are natural disasters, like when there is a heavy lightning storm and a bolt hits a tree and starts a forest fire, or when a tornado goes through the region and uproots the trees. Exotic organisms are coming over seas and destroying the tree population. There are many endangered species in any forest or biome, one of the most commonly known is the Bald Eagle. Another animal is the Wood Turtle, its rapid decline in organisms is the increase of road production, and pet collecting. Each biome has an importance and a deciduous forest is home to more animals than any other biome, and the amount of trees increases the amount of oxygen we take in.

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