Everything you need to know about tennis

Rules and Gameplay

Played on a rectangular court with a net, the aim of the sport is to the ball over the net within the boundary of the court in a way that your opponent cannot return the ball.

The game starts with a coin toss to determine who serves first and who plays on which side of the court.

You switch from baseline to baseline when serving

You get one mulligan when serving, but if you mess up twice it is a double fault and that is a point lost.

If the ball ever hits the net, it is out of play (even if it lands in the area of play)

Distracting your opponent is illegal and will result in a loss of a point.

The ball can hit the line and still be considered in the bounds of play.


Score 4 points in order to win a game of tennis. The points are labeled 15 (1 point), 30 (2 points), 40 (three points) and the fourth points results in a win and ends the game. If the game reaches a point of 40-40, this is called a deuce. In a deuce, a player must win by two clear points in order to end the game. In order to win the entirety of the game, you must win a certain amount of sets. Winning a set is simply reaching 6 games, but you have to win by at least two games. If the set ever goes to 6-6, there is a tiebreaker and game to determine the winner.

Dimensions of a tennis court

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Difference between Doubles and Singles

A very large difference between doubles and singles is the type of rotation in which everyone serves. Say team 1 has players A and B, and team 2 has players X and Y. The serving order would look something like this:

Game 1- Player X serves

Game 2- Player B serves

Game 3- Player Y serves

Game 4- Player A serves

You can only return balls on your side of the court. So if a teammate calls the left side of the court, he must be the one to return balls on his side. There is no switching.


Tennis is mentioned as far back as the Middle Ages. This early version of tennis was known as real tennis, and instead of a racket you played with your hand or a glove. Tennis was primarily a European early on between the 1300s and the 1700s. The Wimbledon tournament was organized in 1877, the US open started in 1881, and the Australian open began in 1905


Bouncing the ball is a helpful technique in order to get into the rhythm of a serve. You should toss the ball in the air and get underneath it in order to get the optimal swing on the ball. Make sure you are hitting the ball in the sweetspot of the racket, and not on the outer ring of it. Make sure you do not cross the service line before you serve the ball


Balls with a diameter between 6.54 and 7.3 centimeters and weigh between 56 and 59.49 grams

You must have a court to play on

You must have a net to play with

You must have a racket with a set tension level


Ace: When a server scores off of his serve, and makes the ball unplayable for his opponent.

Alley: The extra area of the side court used for doubles

Deuce: When a match reaches 40-40, it comes to a Deuce. This is when a player must win by 2 clear points.

Double Fault: When a player messes up his serve twice, and as a result gives up a point

Ground Stroke: Forehand/ backhand shot made after the tennis ball bounces once on the court.

Volley: A shot where the ball is hit by the players racket before the ball hits the ground

Works Cited