By Amanda Loffredo
Step One: Recognizing the Problem
"Time is passing. Yet, for the United States of America, there will be no forgetting September the 11th. We will remember every rescuer who died in honor. We will remember every family that lives in grief. We will remember the fire and ash, the last phone calls, the funerals of the children." -President George W. Bush
Step Two: Formulating the Policy
Many loved ones died from the event of 9/11. This created chaos among the people about not feeling safe and enough attention was put on this to create the Patriot Act. This policy covers a number of areas against terrorism. First it creates a better domestic security system by enhancing surveillance procedures. The Patriot Act helps to ensure the borders are better protected. It provides for any victim of terrorism and their families. Also it strengthened criminal laws against terrorism.
The man above is Representative Sensenbenner is a Wisconsin Republican. He is the main author who created the Patriot Act. He is the one who introduced it to the House of Representatives in 2001.
Step Three: Adopting the Policy
Step Four: Implementing the Policy
Right when the Patriot Act was passed they knew that it would create a safer country and there would be more surveillance. The FBI was now allowed to use techniques that would help in the war on terror. They now used wiretapping which is when they monitor conversations that happen over the phone. Also the streamlined procedures to make it easier to get a search warrant. Business records were searched by federal agents only with the approval of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court (FISC). The Secretary of the Treasury received the power to fight against money laundering and responsibility to stop terrorist finances.
Unlike most of the law every four years certain parts (example: roving tapes and business records) must be reapproved by the president. The bill was signed by President Bush at first but when the four year deadline came Obama was the current president. the type of pen he used was amazing, it is an auto pen. The is a machine that holds a pen the signs his actual signature, however it is only used with his approval. It was only minutes before the deadline that the four year extension was approved. The senate and house of representatives also have to approve it. It was a 72-23 vote in the senate and a 250-153 in the house.
Step Five: Evaluating the Policy
The law was in effect for four years before it was time for Obama’s approval. When the subject came up people had different viewpoints on whether or not it should be signed again.
A Republican freshman named Rand Paul felt it should not be approved looking back on the previous four years. He evaluated them and concluded that in 2001 Americans were in panic to create security so they made this law, but some parts of the Patriot Act infringes on the citizen’s individual liberties. Liberal Democrats and civil liberty groups felt it gave the government the right to spy on innocent citizens. Also another view on the Patriot Act is that there are no rules for when they look into banking records or business records. This would mean the Patriot Act is creating a lawless land which is not what America stands for.
Patriot Act- Success
On the other hand Obama and his supporters viewed the Patriot Act as a necessary thing. They argue that if it was not resigned then that would allow terrorist to escape surveillance and the FBI would have a much harder time trying to find information about any terrorist plotting. For example Osama bin Laden was killed because the FBI had the tools to find him. After that the people saw how good the extra surveillance can be, and the percent of people who opposed the Partiot Act declined. A main reason to support the law is because it opens up various tools that the FBI was not allowed access to beforehand.
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"The Patriot Act." Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. History: Government and Politics. Detroit: Gale, 2009. Student Resources in Context. Web. 17 Nov. 2014.
"George W. Bush signs USA Patriot Act." Photos/Illustrations. UPI. American Government. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 18 Nov. 2014.
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Dinan, Stephen. "Patriot Act Author Introduces Bill to Halt NSA Snooping." The Washington Times. Washington Times, 29 Oct. 2013. Web. 28 Nov. 2014. <http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2013/oct/29/patriot-act-author-introduces-bill-halt-nsa-snoopi/>.