Ramadan

By Victor Otero, Luke Laforest, and Mark Potter

How it Began

Ramadan is one of the most important months because during the month of Ramadan, the Qur'an was given to Muhammad who was the last Prophet of God. One day Muhammad was by him self in a cave, and met angle Gabriel. Gabriel was a messenger of God. Gabriel then told Muhammad..."Recite! In name of your Lord, Who created all humanity out of a single drop of blood! Speak these words aloud! Your Lord is the Most Generous One, He who taught the use of the Pen, taught man that which he did not know". (Sura 96:1-5) After Muhammad received the message, Gabriel told him that Allah(God) sent him. As Muhammad grew older, he had many visions and thoughts about angle Gabriel. Through time, Muhammad was given many more messages from God. Muslims believe that the Qur'an was written off the exact same words as God gave to Muhammad.

Rituals, Customs, and Pratices

The holiday Ramadan is a big event across the world for Muslims. During the month of Ramadan, Muslims are only allowed to eat and drink before sunrise, and after sunset. This is called fasting (sawm). Muslims fast because Muhammad told his people that fasting was very important, and it is a sign that they have provided to Allah(God) who is the most important thing in life. The hunger for people is the same for poor and rich. The hunger makes Muslims remember that all people are equal in Allah's eyes. Every morning before dawn, Muslims eat suhur, the light meal they eat before sunrise. For Muslims, Ramadan is a period of time to reflect on their life with communal prayer.



The picture above shows a woman addressing the Qur’an during Ramadan at a congregational mosque.

Dates

Islam-Ramadan in 2015 will start on Thursday, June 18th and will continue for 30 days until Friday, July 17th. This takes place in the ninth month of the Muslim calendar.


U.S.A-Saturday, June 28 and End-Monday, July 28.

Did You Know?

Did you Know The end of Ramadan is celebrated as Id al-Fitr, or the “Feast of Fast-Breaking.”



The picture above shows two boys preparing free food to devotees after sundown on the first Friday of Ramadan.

Sites, and Books

<http://school.eb.com/levels/middle/article/313135>.


Ahsan, M. M. Muslim Festivals. Vero Beach, FL: Rourke Enterprises, 1987. Print.

Gulevich, Tanya. Understanding Islam and Muslim Traditions: An Introduction to the Religious Practices, Celebrations, Festivals, Observances, Beliefs, Folklore, Customs, and Calendar System of the World's



Muslim Communities, including an Overview of Islamic History and Geography. Detroit, MI: Omnigraphics, 2004. Print.