Paris Climate Summit

by Audrey Chen

Climate changes

Burning fossil fuels release greenhouse gases. Greenhouse gases need to exist in order to save the earth's heat. But too many greenhouse gases can lead to global warming as they absorb to much heat and maintains a really high temperature. High temperature can cause the glaciers to melt and increase the sea levels. If the sea level keep lifting, the areas along the coast can be submerged. Moreover, warm air can contain more moisture and form a lot of clouds, so the precipitation will increase which can lead to horrible storm. The most terrible thing is the water circulation between seas will stop because the water in the polar areas are not cold and dense so they won't sink at all which leads to climate change. The whole earth is going to be warmer and warmer.

Actions

Currently, more than 190 countries adopted the accord which asks all countries to join and fight against global warming. They set the goals for the future, for instance, they formed an agreement to make sure that global warming will stay "well below" 2 degrees Celsius. Wealthy country should also provide money to support the agreement. Some countries even came out an idea ---Negative emission. Negative emission involves more forests, maybe seeding the oceans, and possibly technology that can suck carbon out of the air and stores it underground somehow.

For us, they also suggested ways that how we can help reduce carbon dioxide:

1 You can plug leaks in your home insulation to save power 2 install a smart thermostat, switch to more efficient light bulbs, turn off the lights in any room where you are not using them3 drive fewer miles by consolidating trips or taking public transit,4. waste less food 5. eat less meat.6the biggest single thing individuals can do on their own is to take fewer airplane trips; just one or two fewer plane rides per year can save as much in emissions as all the other actions combined.

Carbon Cycle

Carbon cycle is the series of processes by which carbon compounds are interconverted in the environment, involving the incorporation of carbon dioxide into living tissue by photosynthesis and its return to the atmosphere through respiration, the decay of dead organisms, and the burning of fossil fuels. However, if we release too much carbon dioxide, the carbon cycle can't go on normally.

Additional questions:

  1. What legislation already exists, in the US, that helps with this matter?

Clean Air Act

2. What other legislation exists to protect our other natural resources besides our air .Natural Resources Law

3.What is sustainability? List at least 6 ways, we in the US, are trying to live sustainably.

Sustainability is the ability to continue a defined behavior indefinitely.

Ways:1 You can plug leaks in your home insulation to save power 2 install a smart thermostat, switch to more efficient light bulbs, turn off the lights in any room where you are not using them3 drive fewer miles by consolidating trips or taking public transit,4. waste less food 5. eat less meat.6the biggest single thing individuals can do on their own is to take fewer airplane trips; just one or two fewer plane rides per year can save as much in emissions as all the other actions combined.

4.Why does all of this matter?

All of this matter because laws can force people to protect the environment. People who don't follow the laws will be punished so less people would do something harmful to the earth such as releasing too much pollution in to the atmosphere or produce something which is harmful to the earth and increase the velocity of global warming.