Lanaguage Disorder Fact Sheet
Dyslexia- By Bridget Smith
Dyslexia and it's Characteristics
Dyslexia is a reading disorder that is correlated with impairment to the ability to interpret spatial relationships (in print) or to integrate auditory and visual information. This description of Dyslexia is an extensive spectrum of neurologically established on communication processing disorders that impact ease of expression and understanding. (Piper, 2012)
Dyslexia cognitive problems consist of a speech perception, not being able to identify and manipulate the fundamental sounds when it comes to language, language memory, and learning the sounds of letters. Dyslexia deals with neurological problems that are believed to be hereditary that are deformities within an individual brain. A Dyslexics brain has difference within the electrophysiological and structural characteristics. (Siegel, 2006)
What Children Go Through
- Delays in speech
- Children with dyslexia are often easily distracted by background noise.
- Difficulty with sound segment
- Children with dyslexia often have difficulty in recalling words or the names of objects
- Tendency to omit or add letters when reading, writing, or just copying words.
Strategies to help support children in the classroom
Educators can accommodate Dyslexia students in the class room by using computers, tape record, screen readers and speech recognition devices. Since some dyslexics kids handwriting can hard to read, so the use of a computer can help them. Computers can do spell check for students and that is great because dyslexia students can have poor spelling skills and their handwriting can be illegible. Tape recorders can be used to help these type of students as well due to the fact they might not have the best note taking skills. Screen readers are helpful because it reads to the student what is displayed on the computer screen. Using books that re on tape can be very useful for dyslexic individuals. The use of a Speech recognition tool like a microphone where the words they speak are displayed on a computer screen. (Siegel, 2006)
Idea or best practice for supporting families,
Families should encourage reading of all kind of material such as comic books or, graphic novels. Make use of audio books and have the child read along with the audio book. Engage in word activities and games; using games such as Bananagrams like Scrabble as a team or Hangman. Also have the child to play with tangible items like clay, Lego, or sand to form new words. And assistive technology is also great as well. (IDA, 2010)
Piper, T. (2012). Making meaning, making sense: Children’s early language learning. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education.
International Dyslexia Association. (n.d.). Accommodating Students with Dyslexia in All Classroom Settings. Retrieved February 4, 2016, from http://www.readingrockets.org/article/accommodating-students-dyslexia-all-classroom-settings
The International Dyslexia Association. (2010). Tips for Parents and Families of Children with Dyslexia. Retrieved from http://www.dyslexia-hawaii.org/images/uploads/HIDA_TipsBooklet_Small_rev6.compressed.pdf